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THE

INCREDIBLE

STORY OF THE JEWISH PEOPLE



PALESTINE, ISRAEL, REFUGEES TIMELINE





1917

1917- Britain seizes Palestine from Ottomans. Gives support to "national home for the Jewish people" in Palestine through the Balfour Declaration, along with an insistence that "nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities".

1920

 - San Remo Allied Powers conference grants Palestine to Britain as a mandate, to prepare it for self-rule. European Jewish migration, which increased in the 19th century, continues.

1922

 - Britain separates Transjordan from Mandate Palestine, forbids Jewish settlement in former.

1939

 - British government White Paper seeks to limit Jewish migration to Palestine to 10,000 per year, excepting emergencies.

1940s

 - Nazi Holocaust of the Jews in Europe prompts efforts at mass migration to Palestine. Jewish armed groups in pursuit of independent Jewish state fight British authorities

1947

 - United Nations recommends partition of Palestine into separate Jewish and Arab states, with international control over Jerusalem and its environs

SIMPLE TO REMEMBER

The Peel Commission of 1937, sent to investigate the causes of the unrest, resulted in a report and White Paper.  Accepted by Jews, rejected by Arabs (map below)

The report of the Woodhead commission was presented to Parliament and published on November 9, 1938. As a consequence, the government issued a policy statement that "the political, administrative and financial difficulties involved in the proposal to create independent Arab and Jewish States inside Palestine are so great that this solution of the problem is impracticable."[6]


The Jewish Agency Executive responded that the Woodhead report could not "serve as the basis for any negotiations, either between the Jews and the Arabs or between the Jewish Agency and the [British] government."[35]


Despite British announcement that the Plan was impracticable, they suggested that Arab-Jewish agreement might still be possible.[21] In 1939 Britain invited the Palestine Arabs, the neighboring Arab states and the Jewish Agency to London to participate in a third attempt to resolve the crisis, the St. James Conference (also known as the Round Table Conference of 1939). The recommendations were eventually rejected by both Jews and Arabs.[21]


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