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WHY IT IS IMPORTANT TO UNDERSTAND THE INQUISITION


WHAT WAS THE INQUISITION?


SECRET (CRYPTO)
JUDAISM

FINDING
SECRET JEWS

SHADOW OF THE INQUISITION


 THE MEDIEVAL, SPANISH, PORTUGUESE AND ROMAN INQUISITIONS

CHARGES
  BROUGHT BY THE
 INQUISITION

HOW  WAS THE INQUISITION   ORGANISED?

ENFORCOMG A SENTENCE


INSTITUTIONAL STRUCTURE AND PROCEDURE

AUTOS DE LA FE (Spanish),
AUTO DA FE (Portuguese)


FINANCING THE INQUISITION


EDGARDO MORTARO,
THE LAST ARREST
 OF THE
 INQUISITION



THE INQUISITION AND THE
ECONOMIC LIFE
OF EUROPE


 WHY  DID  THE

INQUISITION
DECLINE?


JUSTIFICATION OF THE INQUISITION BY THE
CATHOLIC CHURCH


THE INQUISITION ARCHIVES

JEWISH FAITH AND TRADITION AFTER THE INQUISITION


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INCREDIBLE

STORY OF THE JEWISH PEOPLE



SECRET JEWS
(Crypto Jews)

________________________________________________________

EDITORS NOTE
Secret Jews   (crypto Jews) are Jews who practised Judaism in secrecy while in public they claimed to be a member of another religion which they or their ancestors had been forced to accept.

They came into existence after forced conversions by the Visigoths in Spain in the 7th century, by the Muslim Almohads in North Africa and Spain in the 12th century, in southern Italy in 1493 and known as neofiti, the *conversos or *Marranos (Heb. *anusim) of Spain after the persecutions of 1391 and the expulsion of 1492 and then Portugal in 1497. In Majorca they were known as the Chuetas)

Many who went to South America also became secret Jews (see Stories)

The Dönmeh (Turkish: Dönme) in the Ottoman Empire who publicly converted to Islam, Centred in Salonica it originated during and soon after the era of Sabbatai Zevi, a 17th-century Jewish kabbalist who claimed to be the Messiah and eventually converted to Islam in order to escape punishment by the Sultan Mehmed IV.

A group adopting Islam were the Jadīd al-Islām in Meshed, Persia.

Many converted Jews returned to Judaism.

(from Museum of Portuguese Jewish History)

Crypto-Jew consisted of those who held on to the Jewish customs and faith in which they had been reared. These were known as "Judíos Escondidos"—hidden Jews. They secretly preserved the religion of their fathers and, in spite of the high positions which some held, observed Jewish traditions in private. Many of the wealthiest supposed coverts of Aragon belonged to this category. Some constructed hidden synagogues in their homes, to which trusted neighbors might be invited, while others used their influence at court to protect the Jewish and Converso communities from persecution.

Today, this can also refer to Christians who consciously, or unconsciously maintain Jewish laws and traditions.

FINDING SECRET JEWS
Customs and questions which could suggest Crypto-Jewish ancestry
Museum of Portuguese Jewish History

The list below is a small compilation of crypto-Jewish customs that originated in XV Century Spain and Portugal. These customs are still practiced by many families throughout South America, New Mexico, Spain, Portugal and the islands of the Azores. When analyzing the list, remember that each family might have their own adaptations of the traditions.


GENERAL TRADITIONS

MEALS

CUSTOMS

FUNERALS

In some places there was a man known as the “Abafador”, who used to help the people who were gravelly sick, before the doctor came into the house. The Abafador would close the door, and stop the sick person from breathing, saying very calmly: “come one my son (daughter), our G-d is waiting for you!” after the work was done, the Abafador would go to the relatives and say: “he went like a little bird…”

BIRTHS

WEDDINGS

Naming and names


Sources: Translated from Portuguese based partially from the material found at Memorial Brasil-Sefarad. University of New Mexico, The Society of Crypto-Judaic Studies and resources gathered by The Museum of Portuguese Jewish History.