Holocaust Statistics

CLICK BUTTON TO GO TO SECTION

WHAT WAS THE HOLOCAUST ?

VIDEOS/

FILMS

HOLOCAUST

WHY TEACH AND LEARN ABOUT THE HOLOCAUST WHEN OTHER CRIMES ARE PERPETUATED   TODAY ?

HOLOCAUST
ST
ATISTICS

HOLOCAUST
TIMELINE

GLOSSARY

LINKS

THE NAZI
RACIST STATE

DIAGRAMS &
VIDEOS
ORGANISATION AND LEADERSHIP
OF THE
NAZI PARTY

THE SS AND

GESTAPO

NUREMBERG
LAWS

36
QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
ABOUT THE HOLOCAUST

HOLOCAUST MEMORIAL DAY

MUSEUMS AND MEMORIALS


THE HOLOCAUST

DURING WW2

MAPS/

GEOGRAPHY

THE NAZI
'FINAL SOLUTION'
TO THE
'JEWISH PROBLEM'

MURDER

ON AN

INDUSTRIAL SCALE

THE

EINSATZGRUPPEN

NAZI CAMPS/
DEATH MARCHES

VIDEOS
NAZI CAMPS/
DEATH MARCHES

MEDICINE AND THE

NAZIS

VIDEOS
'LEBENSBORN'
'THE SPRING OF LI'FE'
(for the 'Master Race')

THE JUDENRÄTE (JEWISH COUNCILS)

STORIES OF THE
THE JUDENRÄTE

(JEWISH)
GHETTO  POLICE

RED CROSS HOLOCAUST INSPECTION VISIT

TO THE

TEREZÍN
  (THERESIENSTADT)

"CAMP-GHETTO

VIDEOS
MUSIC

TEREZIN

VIDEOS
DEFIANT REQUIEM

THE

DOCUMENTARY

TEREZIN

"

JEWISH
RESISTANCE
TO THE HOLOCAUST

RESCUERS
DURING
THE HOLOCAUST
—–––––––

YAD VASHEM

WHY DID’NT
ALLIES BOMB
AUSCHWITZ


REACTION
TO THE HOLOCAUST AFTER WW2

RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE HOLOCAUST

NAZI TRIALS

HOLOCAUST
RESEARCH PROJECT

DENIAL OF THE

JEWISH

HOLOCAUST

ARAB DENIAL
OF THE

JEWISH

HOLOCAUST

VIDEOS
NAZI HUNTERS
OVERVIEW

VIDEOS
MEMORIES OF

HOLOCAUST SURVIVORS

VIDEO TOOLBOX
VOICES OF THE

JEWISH

HOLOCAUST

(Yad Vashem)          

SURVIVING SURVIVAL
OF
HOLOCAUST
SURVIVORS

CLICK HERE  TO ACCESS  COUNTRIES

T O P I C

I  S  R  A  E  L

Videos -

Maps -

Mogan David
(Flag of Israel)

Statistics  and Information

Jewish History
Videos


Expulsion
of the Jews  
from
Arab Countries,
1948-2012

Palestinians

Christians
Leaving the
Middle East


4000 YEARS OF
JEWISH HISTORY

Jewish
Timelines
and Story


What Was the Holocaust ?

Antisemitism


Who is a Jew?

The Jewish Law

The Hebrew Bible

Interpretation

The Temples

The Synagogues

Jewish Messiah
Ciaimants

Jewish Conversion

Jewish Women
in Judaism

Jewish
Education

Rabbi's
and
Jewish Culture  


Jewish Diaspora

Jewish Festivals

Jewish Languages


Lost Tribes

Jewish-Roman  Wars

Year 1000

Understanding the
Middle Ages

The Inquisition

Jewish Pirates


Why has Christendom
Attacked the Jews?

Catholicism

Islam

Your Feedback Please to the

jewishwikipedia.info Guestbook

Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share via e-mail Print

Help us improve our service by telling us why you’re visiting jewishwikipedia.info:

Education



Personal Interest



Research



THE

INCREDIBLE

STORY OF THE JEWISH PEOPLE



HOLOCAUST STATISTICS

From
36 Questions
and Answers
About
the Holocaust

Documenting the Number of Victims of the Holocaust and Nazi Persecution


Holocaust
Death
Statistics



Number
of Camps
by Country



Links

Holocaust,
Estimated Jews Killed and Survived by Country



FROM 36 QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ABOUT THE HOLOCAUST
36 Q & A Simon Wiesenthal


1. WHEN SPEAKING ABOUT THE "HOLOCAUST," WHAT TIME PERIOD ARE WE REFERRING TO?

Answer: The "Holocaust" refers to the period from January 30, 1933, when Hitler became Chancellor of Germany, to May 8, 1945 (V-E Day), the end of the war in Europe.

4. WHICH JEWISH COMMUNITIES SUFFERED LOSSES DURING THE HOLOCAUST?

Answer: Every Jewish community in occupied Europe suffered losses during the Holocaust. The Jewish communities in North Africa were persecuted, but the Jews in these countries were neither deported to the death camps, nor were they systematically murdered.

6. WHAT IS A DEATH CAMP? HOW MANY WERE THERE? WHERE WERE THEY LOCATED?

Answer: A death (or mass murder) camp is a concentration camp with special apparatus specifically designed for systematic murder. Six such camps existed: Auschwitz-Birkenau, Belzec, Chelmno, Majdanek, Sobibor, Treblinka. All were located in Poland.

7. WHAT DOES THE TERM "FINAL SOLUTION" MEAN AND WHAT IS ITS ORIGIN?

Answer: The term "Final Solution" (Endl"sung) refers to Germany's plan to murder all the Jews of Europe. The term was used at the Wannsee Conference (Berlin; January 20,1942) where German officials discussed its implementation.

8. WHEN DID THE "FINAL SOLUTION" ACTUALLY BEGIN?

Answer: While thousands of Jews were murdered by the Nazis or died as a direct result of discriminatory measures instituted against Jews during the initial years of the Third Reich, the systematic murder of Jews did not begin until the German invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941.

12. DID THE NAZIS PLAN TO MURDER THE JEWS FROM THE BEGINNING OF THEIR REGIME?

Answer: This question is one of the most difficult to answer. While Hitler made several references to killing Jews, both in his early writings (Mein Kampf) and in various speeches during the 1930s, it is fairly certain that the Nazis had no operative plan for the systematic annihilation of the Jews before 1941. The decision on the systematic murder of the Jews was apparently made in the late winter or the early spring of 1941 in conjunction with the decision to invade the Soviet Union.

13. WHEN WAS THE FIRST CONCENTRATION CAMP ESTABLISHED AND WHO WERE THE FIRST INMATES?

Answer: The first concentration camp, Dachau, opened on March 22, 1933. The camp's first inmates were primarily political prisoners (e.g. Communists or Social Democrats); habitual criminals; homosexuals; Jehovah's Witnesses; and "anti-socials" (beggars, vagrants, hawkers). Others considered problematic by the Nazis (e.g. Jewish writers and journalists, lawyers, unpopular industrialists, and political officials) were also included.

25. HOW MANY JEWS WERE ABLE TO ESCAPE FROM EUROPE PRIOR TO THE HOLOCAUST?

Answer: It is difficult to arrive at an exact figure for the number of Jews who were able to escape from Europe prior to World War II, since the available statistics are incomplete. From 1933-1939, 355,278 German and Austrian Jews left their homes. (Some immigrated to countries later overrun by the Nazis.) In the same period, 80,860 Polish Jews immigrated to Palestine and 51,747 European Jews arrived in Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay. During the years 1938-1939, approximately 35,000 emigrated from Bohemia and Moravia (Czechoslovakia). Shanghai, the only place in the world for which one did not need an entry visa, received approximately 20,000 European Jews (mostly of German origin) who fled their homelands. Immigration figures for countries of refuge during this period are not available. In addition, many countries did not provide a breakdown of immigration statistics according to ethnic groups. It is impossible, therefore, to ascertain.

35. HOW MANY NAZI CRIMINALS WERE THERE? HOW MANY WERE BROUGHT TO JUSTICE?

Answer: We do not know the exact number of Nazi criminals since the available documentation is incomplete. The Nazis themselves destroyed many incriminating documents and there are still many criminals who are unidentified and/or unindicted.

Those who committed war crimes include those individuals who initiated, planned and directed the killing operations, as well as those with whose knowledge, agreement, and passive participation the murder of European Jewry was carried out.

Those who actually implemented the "Final Solution" include the leaders of Nazi Germany, the heads of the Nazi Party, and the Reich Security Main Office. Also included are hundreds of thousands of members of the Gestapo, the SS, the Einsatzgruppen, the police and the armed forces, as well as those bureaucrats who were involved in the persecution and destruction of European Jewry. In addition, there were thousands of individuals throughout occupied Europe who cooperated with the Nazis in killing Jews and other innocent civilians.

We do not have complete statistics on the number of criminals brought to justice, but the number is certainly far less than the total of those who were involved in the "Final Solution." The leaders of the Third Reich, who were caught by the Allies, were tried by the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg from November 20, 1945 to October 1, 1946. Afterwards, the Allied occupation authorities continued to try Nazis, with the most significant trials held in the American zone (the Subsequent Nuremberg Proceedings). In total, 5,025 Nazi criminals were convicted between 1945-1949 in the American, British and French zones, in addition to an unspecified number of people who were tried in the Soviet zone. In addition, the United Nations War Crimes Commission prepared lists of war criminals who were later tried by the judicial authorities of Allied countries and those countries under Nazi rule during the war. The latter countries have conducted a large number of trials regarding crimes committed in their lands. The Polish tribunals, for example, tried approximately 40,000 persons, and large numbers of criminals were tried in other countries. In all, about 80,000 Germans have been convicted for committing crimes against humanity, while the number of local collaborators is in the tens of thousands. Special mention should be made of Simon Wiesenthal, whose activities led to the capture of over one thousand Nazi criminals.

Courts in Germany began, in some cases, to function as early as 1945. By 1969, almost 80,000 Germans had been investigated and over 6,000 had been convicted. In 1958, the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG; West Germany) established a special agency in Ludwigsburg to aid in the investigation of crimes committed by Germans outside Germany, an agency which, since its establishment, has been involved in hundreds of major investigations. One of the major problems regarding the trial of war criminals in the FRG (as well as in Austria) has been the fact that the sentences have been disproportionately lenient for the crimes committed. Some trials were also conducted in the former German Democratic Republic (GDR; East Germany), yet no statistics exist as to the number of those convicted or the extent of their sentences.


OCUMENTING NUMBERS OF VICTIMS OF THE HOLOCAUST AND NAZI PERSECUTION
US Holocaust Memorial Museum

Calculating the numbers of individuals who were killed as the result of Nazi policies is a difficult task. There is no single wartime document created by Nazi officials that spells out how many people were killed in the Holocaust or World War II.

To accurately estimate the extent of human losses, scholars, Jewish organizations, and governmental agencies since the 1940s have relied on a variety of different records, such as census reports, captured German and Axis archives, and postwar investigations, to compile these statistics. As more documents come to light or as scholars arrive at a more precise understanding of the Holocaust, estimates of human losses may change.

The single most important thing to keep in mind when attempting to document numbers of victims of the Holocaust is that no one master list of those who perished exists anywhere in the world.

What follow are the current best estimates of civilians and disarmed soldiers killed by the Nazi regime and its collaborators.

These estimates are calculated from wartime reports generated by those who implemented Nazi population policy, and postwar demographic studies on population loss during World War II.

Number of Deaths

Jews:
up to 6 million

Soviet civilians:
around 7 million (including 1.3 Soviet Jewish civilians, who are included in the 6 million figure for Jews)

Soviet prisoners of war:
around 3 million (including about 50,000 Jewish soldiers)

Non-Jewish Polish civilians:
around 1.8 million (including between 50,000 and 100,000 members of the Polish elites)

Serb civilians (on the territory of Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina):
312,000

People with disabilities living in institutions:
up to 250,000

Roma (Gypsies):
196,000–220,000

Jehovah's Witnesses:
around 1,900

Repeat criminal offenders and so-called asocials:
at least 70,000

German political opponents and resistance activists in Axis-occupied territory:
undetermined

Homosexuals:
hundreds, possibly thousands (possibly also counted in part under the 70,000 repeat criminal offenders and so-called asocials noted above)

Jewish Loss by Location of Death

With regard to the number of Jews who died in the Holocaust, best estimates for the breakdown of Jewish loss according to location of death follow:

Auschwitz complex (including Birkenau, Monowitz, and subcamps):
approximately 1 million

Treblinka 2:
approximately 925,000

Belzec:
434,508

Sobibor:
at least 167,000

Chelmno:
156,000–172,000

Shooting operations at various locations in central and southern German-occupied Poland (the so-called Government General):
at least 200,000

Shooting operations in German-annexed western Poland (District Wartheland):
at least 20,000

Deaths in other facilities that the Germans designated as concentration camps:
at least 150,000

Shooting operations and gas wagons at hundreds of locations in the German-occupied Soviet Union:
at least 1.3 million

Shooting operations in the Soviet Union (German, Austrian, Czech Jews deported to the Soviet Union):
approximately 55,000

Shooting operations and gas wagons in Serbia:
at least 15,088

Shot or tortured to death in Croatia under the Ustaša regime:
23,000–25,000

Deaths in ghettos:
at least 800,000

“Other*:
at least 500,000

*"Other" includes, for example,
persons killed in shooting operations in Poland in 1939–1940;
as partisans in Yugoslavia, Greece, Italy, France or Belgium;
in labor battalions in Hungary;
during antisemitic actions in Germany and Austria before the war;
by the Iron Guard in Romania, 1940–1941;
and on evacuation marches from concentration camps and labor camps in the last six months of World War II.
It also includes people caught in hiding and killed in Poland, Serbia, and elsewhere in German-occupied Europe.


NOTES ON DOCUMENTATION

No single wartime document

There is no single wartime document that contains the above cited estimates of Jewish deaths.

There are three obvious and interrelated reasons for the lack of a single document:

1) Compilation of comprehensive statistics of Jews killed by German and other Axis authorities began in 1942 and 1943. It broke down during the last year and a half of the war.

2) Beginning in 1943, as it became clear that they would lose the war, the Germans and their Axis partners destroyed much of the existing documentation. They also destroyed physical evidence of mass murder.

3) No personnel were available or inclined to count Jewish deaths until the very end of World War II and the Nazi regime. Hence, total estimates are calculated only after the end of the war and are based on demographic loss data and the documents of the perpetrators. Though fragmentary, these sources provide essential figures from which to make calculations.

One centrally directed statistical study of Jews killed by German authorities survived the war. A copy was among the records captured by the US Army in 1945. Likewise, several regional compilations of such gruesome data were among the records captured by US, British, and Soviet forces after World War II. The US, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union have used most of these documents at one time or another as exhibits in criminal or civil proceedings against Nazi offenders

Polish and Soviet civilian figures

With regard to the Polish and Soviet civilian figures, at this time there are not sufficient demographic tools to enable historians to distinguish between:

1) racially targeted individuals

2) persons actually or believed to be active in underground resistance

3) persons killed in reprisal for some actual or perceived resistance activity carried out by someone else

4) losses due to so-called collateral damage in actual military operations

Virtually all deaths of Soviet, Polish, and Serb civilians during the course of military and anti-partisan operations had, however, a racist component. German units conducted those operations with an ideologically driven and willful disregard for civilian life.


NUMBER OF CAMPS

The Nazis set up their first concentration camp, Dachau, in the wake of Hitler’s takeover of power in 1933. By the end of the war, 22 main concentration camps were established, together with around 1,200 affiliate camps, Aussenkommandos, and thousands of smaller camps.   (For more information go to Nazi Camps)

LINKS

MEASURING*HOLOCAUST DENIAL IN THE UNITED STATES, Sott  Darnell 2010

HOLOCAUST JEWISH DEATH STATISTICS BY COUNTRY
HOLOCAUST - ESTIMATED JEWS KILLED AND SURVIVED BY COUNTRY

Statistics Brain

DENMARK  -  COUNTRYMEN: THE UNTOLD STORY OF HOW
DENMARK'S JEWS ESCAPED THE NAZIS
review