The Peel Commission Report Boundaries for the Division of Palestine into Arab and Jewish States
The Red Line shows Israel’s borders, Gaza and the Golan Heights
Israel is a country of 8,359 sq miles. The West Bank is 2,262 sq miles, the Golan Heights is 444 sq miles and Gaza is 100 sq miles. The USA is 3,794,083 sq. miles
THE MAP HISTORY OF MODERN ISRAEL
Until the end of WW1 most of the Middle East was part of the Ottoman Empire. Palestine was then placed under Great Britain by the League of Nations. Their mandate lasted from 1920-1948. Part of the area became Transjordan (now Jordan) with the remainder remaining under British control. After WW2 the UN split the area into two parts, a Jewish state (becoming Israel) and an Arab state. Accepted by Israel it was not accepted by the Arabs who invaded Israel the day after the British left to eliminate it.. Since then Israel has faced wars and terrorist attacks to eliminate it. For security it has created the Israel Defence Force with compulsory military service..
The population of Israel has grown with worldwide immigration which includes refugees from concentration camps and Jews expelled by Arab countries. The refusal to resettle the Arab refugees by the Arab League left them in UNWRA camps.. Israel saw this movement as a population transfer as happened when India was split into India and Pakistan. The Arab League decided that leaving refugees in camps would be a future political counter against Israel.
Maps and events of subsequent wars aimed at destroying Israel are shown below. Access Israel for more detail.
YOM KIPPUR WAR (1973)
The Yom Kippur War Oct. 6 - 25, 1973
Egypt launched a sudden attack in October 1973 on the Israeli forces on the east bank of the Suez Canal; while the Syrian army attacked the Israelis in the Golan (Jawlan).
The Egyptians crossed the canal and established a bridgehead, and the Syrians occupied part of the Jawlan. Russian weapons enabled them to neutralize the Israeli air force.
Israel turned the battle and recrossed the canal. A ceasefire was agreed on Oct. 25, 1973.
In Jan 1974 Israel withdrew from the western bank of the Suez Canal, to about twenty miles from the east bank while Egypt agreed to a UN buffer zone between them.
In May 1974 Israel and Syria reached agreement on the Golan Heights with Israel maintaining occupation of most of it.
On Mar. 26, 1979 Egypt and Israel signed a peace treaty with the Sinai Peninsula reverting to Egypt.