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JEWISH KEY PERIODS

AFTER DEFEAT BY THE ROMANS IN 135 AD

000 BCE to 1200  Abraham introduces monotheism to the world. Age of Patriarchs. Joseph invites Jews to settle in Egypt; new pharaoh enslaves them. Exodus under  leadership of Moses  Jews receive Torah at Sinai.

1200 to 900 Joshua conquers Canaan. Two centuries of rule by Judges.  First kingdom forged by Kings Saul, David, and Solomon. Breakup of kingdom into Israel and Judah. Temple restored.

900 to 500 Reigns of the kingdoms of Israel and Judah. Prophets enter Jewish history. Assyrians destroy kingdom of Israel; end of Israelites. Babylonia destroys kingdom of Judah; the people exiled.

500 to 100  Persians defeat Babylonians; permit Jews to return to their homeland. Temple restored.

100B CE to 100 CE Rome annexes Hasmonean kingdom, establishes rule of procurators. Jesus bom. Romans destroy Jerusalem and gut the Temple. Masada falls and Jews are exiled. Change over from priestly to rabbinic Judaism

100 to 600 Bar Kochba stages new uprising against Rome. Change over from priestly to rabbinic Judaism.  Rav Ashi fuses Mishna and Gemara into the Talmud. Emperor Constantine converts Rome to Christianity.

600 to 1100 Mohammed is bom. Islamic empire extended from India to the Atlantic. Spain invaded by Moors. Islamic empire begins to crumble   In the Christian World: Jews survive barbarian invasions. Rashi Europeanises Babylonian Talmud.

1100 to 1600 First Crusade plays havoc with Jewish life. Jews enter Renaissance with great expectations. Two centuries of great European Talmudists. Sephardi culture clashes with Ashkenazi way of life. Spain and Portugal expel the Jews. Jews swept into ghettos in wake of Reformation.  End of feudal Europe

1600 To 1800 Jews languish in ghettoes and shtetls.  Salon and court Jews make their debut in Jewish history. Heresies wrack Jewish ranks. Mendelssohn maps intellectual path out of ghetto; Napoleon paves political road to freedom. Jewish settlements grow in New World.

1800 to 1948 Racism sweeps Jews into new frontiers of danger. Dreyfus Affair. Herzl founds political Zionism. Communist Russia threatens Jewish religion.  Nazis murder six million Jews. America becomes largest Jewish Diaspora country. Zionism sweeps Jews into statehood and the need to defend themselves against their neighbours.

1948 ISRAEL RECREATED AS A NATION STATE AFTER 2,000 YEARS  

1977  Peace treaty between Egypt and Israel was signed 16 months after Egyptian president Anwar Sadat's visit to Israel in 1977 after intense negotiation. The main features of the treaty were mutual recognition, cessation of the state of war that had existed since the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, normalization of relations and the complete withdrawal by Israel of its armed forces and civilians from the Sinai Peninsula which Israel had captured during the Six-Day War in 1967. Egypt agreed to leave the area demilitarized. The agreement also provided for the free passage of Israeli ships through the Suez Canal, and recognition of the Strait of Tiran and the Gulf of Aqaba as international waterways.

The agreement notably made Egypt the first Arab state to officially recognize Israel.[1]

1994 Peace treaty between Israel and Jordan  (the Wadi Araba Treaty).

The treaty settled relations between the two countries, adjusted land and water disputes, and provided for broad cooperation in tourism and trade. It included a pledge that neither Jordan nor Israel would allow its territory to become a staging ground for military strikes by a third country.

1995  Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin is assassinated.  (November 4)

2000

Israel unilaterally withdraws its remaining forces from its security zone in southern Lebanon to the international border, fully complying with the UN Security Council Res. 425.   (May 24)

2000   Camp David Summit.[45]

2000,  Senator Joseph Lieberman becomes the first Jewish-American to be nominated for a national office (Vice President of the United States) by a major political party (the Democratic Party).

2000  The al-Aqsa Intifada begins.

2004  Uriyahu Butler became the first member of the African Hebrew Israelite community to enlist in the Israel Defense Forces (IDF)

2005  The Government of Israel officially recognizes the Bnei Menashe people of North-East India as one of the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel, opening the door for thousands of people to immigrate to Israel.

2005 The Government of Israel withdraws its military forces and settlers from the Gaza Strip (Augus

2006   A military conflict in Lebanon and northern Israel started on July 12, after a Hezbollah cross-border raid into Israel. The war ended with the passage of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1701 after 34 days of fighting. About 2,000 Lebanese and 159 Israelis were killed, and civilian infrastructure on both sides heavily damaged.  (July–August)

2008  The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) launches Operation Cast Lead (מבצע עופרת יצוקה) against Hamas in the Gaza Strip.  (December)



ARAB ISRAELIS
JEWISH AND
PALESTINIAN
REFUGEES
SUMMARY

__________________________


Following the 1948 conflict UNWRA was set up by the United Nations in 1949 to provide help to the following groups of refugees in Arab countries and to Jewish and Arab Palestine refugees inside the state of Israel

Palestinian refugees.  This group left the area known as Israel, previously called Palestine, in 1948 and settled in Jordan.  The second group was in 1967 when the area, previously occupied by Jordan, was occupied by Israel.  These became known as Palestinian Refugees and came under UNWRA for help.

Jewish refugees.  This group were expelled/fled from Arab countries.  The Israeli government took over responsibility for Jewish refugees in 1952.  Arabs, living in Israel, are full citizens of Israel as they remained in their homes during the 1948 war.  As such they were never classified as ‘refugees’.

ISRAEL WANTS TO LIVE IN PEACE WITH THE ARABS

TO UNDERSTAND WHY THIS HAS NOT HAPPENED

WE NEED ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS SUCH AS:


What is Palestine?

Who are the ‘Palestinian refugees’?

What is the difference between Palestinian and other refugees?

What is the difference between Palestinian refugees and
Jewish refugees expelled by Arab countries?

Why is the cost of looking after a Palestinian refugee
higher than for other refugees?

What is UNWRA and UNHCR,
what do they do and who finances them?

Why do the number of Palestinian refugees (UNWRA) increase,
while those from other countries (UNHCR) decrease?

Why do Arab countries discriminate against Palestinian refugees?

Why, after more than 2,000 years did the Arab countries
want to remove the Jews from their countries?

Who were the Jewish exiles?

Why where arriving Jewish exiles not described as ‘refugees’?

Why are Jewish exiles usually forgotten
when referring to the rights of Palestinian refugees?


NOW….ADD ANY FURTHER QUESTIONS OF YOUR OWN.  

_______________________________.


UNWRA was set up by the United Nations in 1949 UNWRA defined Palestine refugees as “persons whose normal place of residence was Palestine during the period 1 June 1946 to 15 May 1948, and who lost both home and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 conflict.” The descendants of Palestine refugee males, including adopted children, became eligible for registration. The 70 years of its existence have seen it adopt government functions such as education and health and seen its camps change from the temporary accommodation of canvas tents to permanent buildings. .Today, more than 95% of UNRWA "refugees," were not alive when Israel was born in 1948 and so were never personally displaced by Israel's creation.  They are listed by UNRWA as "refugees" only because of this peculiar practice of inheriting refugee status as a birthright.

It originally classified 700,000 as ‘Palestinian refugees’.  By the first of January 2015 this had grown to about 5.6 million. This number will continue to grow as they have more children and the problem is not resolved.

UNRWA is often accused of making little effort to detect and eliminate terrorists from its staff or having beneficiaries such as those from from Hamas. These may be not because UNRWA consciously supports terrorism, but because it is in a terrorist controlled area such as Gaza which is controlled by Hamas. Similarly payments are made to members of the PLO and Hamas for thir ‘personal use’ and used by them buy arms.

Palestinian refugees would be treated as other worldwide refugees if they came under UNHCR. By limiting them to one generation their number would be reduced from about 5.25million to about 700,000 (2017).

UNHCR was set up by the United Nations in 1950 for the rest of the world I.e the world excluding Palestinian refugees.  It “defined a “refugee” as any person who owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality, and is unable to, or owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country.”  So, it only applies to the individual, NOT to their descendants.

Thus the number of Palestinian refugees continues to increase, while the number of UNHCR refugees, relating to each incident, goes down and vanishes.   UNWRA will cease to exist once there are no Palestinian refugees and so many of its 30,000 employees will lose their jobs.

_______________________________________

Creation of Palestinian Refugees.

Israel’s initial boundaries were created following the Israel-Arab War of 1948.  Israel refused re-entry.  The Arab League refused to absorb them even though they had plenty of space available thinking they would make a good weapon against Israel.  So they became refugees and have been used as a propoganda weapon ever since.

Palestinian Refugees are a Youngsters Community

In 2015 the percentage under15 years in the State of Palestine was 39.3%  (39.6% for refugees and 39.1% for non- refugees).  The refugee percentage aged 60 and over was 4.1% and 4.8% for non- refugees.

As the total grows so the UNWRA budget will increase.

Palestinian refugees have high unemployment

The unemployment rate for refugees in the State of Palestine was up to 32.3% compared to 21.4% for non-refugees.

Financing UNWRA

Financing UNWRA is primarily by Western countries.  Arab countries contribute little to the regular annual budget, though they contribute towards special projects.  For example in 2016









UNWRA Camps    overal

Most Palestinian Refugees live in the 58 UNWRA camps which are in effect over populated mini cities.  As numbers continue to increase so will population density and problems of over population.   .

Jewish Refugees

After 2,000 years between 1948-and 2012 over 1,000,000 Jews were expelled/left Arab countries.  Today. (2017) very few remain there.  In 1949 Jewish refugees from Arab countries in Israel became an UNWRA responsibility. In 1952 Israel accepted responsibility.  Their  rights were forgotten by the Palestinians.

This is recognised by Jews, though not by others, as a Jewish-Arab Population Transfer.

_______________________________________

In 1922 Britain assumed control of the Middle Eastern area that it called Palestine the majority of whose inhabitants were Arabs who had arrived, or whose family had arrived recently looking for work, from surrunding Arab countries.  Other major groups were Jews and Christians.  The country was partitioned by the United Nations in 1947 and split between the Jews and Arabs.

The Jews accepted, the Arabs refused.  The day after the Jews proclaimed their independence in 1948 the surrounding Arab countries invaded expecting the Jews would be expelled quickly. They asked Arabs in Jewish areas to leave to make their attacks easier telling them that they would return within a few weeks.  

The Jews won and refused the Arabs readmission. Now in Jordan. they became the first ‘Palestinian Refugees’. Arabs who did not leave became ‘Israeli Arabs’.

Arab countries refused them resettlement rights and, in 1949, persuaded the UN to set up an organisation ‘to help them’.  This became known as UNWRA (United Nations Relief and Works Agency).  In 1950 the United Nations set up a complementary organisation to serve the rest of the world.  This was the UNHCR (United Nations High Commission for Refugees). It was thought they would only exist for a few years.  They still exist.  Their use by the Arab League as a weapon against Israel and so their refusal to absorb them into their countries has led to their being discriminated against by other Arab countries.

Rebellion in Jordan and the eventual expulsion of the Palestinian militants who were called ‘Black September’.  

Palestinians had run a state-within-a-state in Jordan, headquartered in Amman. Their militias ruled the streets and imposed brutal and arbitrary discipline with impunity. In 1970 they attempted to take over Jordan.  In early 1971 they were expelled to Lebanon, where they created.a similar state-within-a-state, weaponizing a dozen Palestinian refugee camps around Beirut and in South Lebanon, and destabilizing the Lebanese government. This led led to the Israeli-Lebanon war.

Click here for a Review of the Legal Position of Palestinian Refugees

_______________________________________

Holocaust survivors, and many of the over 1,000,000 Jews were forced out of Arab countries where they had lived for over 2,000 years.   Most settled in Israel.  Settlement meant their acceptance into the country where they settled and their title changed from ‘refugee’ to ‘citizen’. The result is that they have 0 Jewish refugees compared to over 5,000,000 Palestinian refugees.

_______________________________________

The movement of Jews and Arabs became an example of population transfer as happened in India when it was split into India and Pakistan.  Palestinian refugees have been used by some Arab countries as a propaganda weapon against Israel   Used in this way has caused many of them to suffer.

_______________________________________

Solving this problem will be of benefit to both Jews, Palestinians and donors

Jews, because they wish to live in peace with all their neighbours.

Palestinians, because they will have a far happier life living in a prosperous environment where they are not treated as second class citizens.

Donors who will save money through making unnecessary donations.

_______________________________________

YOUTUBE VIDEOS

Why Are There Still Palestinian Refugees?

Published on 2 May 2016

It's been seven decades since the 1948 Arab-Israeli war,
and yet there are still an estimated 4 million Palestinian refugees
...and zero Jewish refugees.
With so many nearby Arab allies of the Palestinians, how did this happen?
What does it say about Israel? What does it say about its Arab neighbors?
Dumisani Washington,
Diversity Outreach Coordinator for Christians United for Israel, explains.

UNRWA: For Palestine refugees

Published on 25 May 2015

Palestine refugees began their long journey in 1948.
Since the Arab-Israeli conflict,
they have endured multiple displacements, repeated violence, occupation and blockade. Through these hardships,
UNRWA has been there to provide critical education, health care, microfinance, relief
and social services, and emergency assistance.

See also UNWRA FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

RESOLVING THE PALESTINE REFUGEE PROBLEM MEANS THAT

 UNWRA responsibilities would be transferred to UNHCR.  This means that, as with other     refugees, Palestinian refugees will ‘vanish’.    

UNWRA functions such as education would become the responsibility of the national government, not the UN.  No more UNWRA ‘donor payments’ would be made.

Palestinian Refugees would be absorbed by Arab countries.   The 58 UNWRA camps which are in effect over populated mini cities, where retained, would be destroyed or redeveloped.


TRUE OR FALSE?

The Palestinians as a ‘people’
only existed after 1967

THE

INCREDIBLE

STORY OF THE JEWISH PEOPLE



UNWRA BUDGET 2016
($'000)


Regular

Special

Overall


Total


589


735


1,324


USA


149


268


417



25%


36%


36%


VIDEO

Palestinian refugees and
Jewish Exiles from Arab Countries