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THE

INCREDIBLE

STORY OF THE JEWISH PEOPLE



REPARATIONS

FOR JEWS WHO FLED FROM ARAB COUNTRIES

_________________________


The Jews in Arab countries were reduced from

850,000 (app) in 1948 to 4,315 (est) in 2012.          

Other non-Muslim religions in the Middle East have and are still suffering,

Since 1948 Palestinian Refugees have been used as a tool
by Arab countries against Israel

The need for Palestine Refugees to return ‘home’ and/or reparation
has been highlighted in all Palestinian publicity  
for it sink into international consciousness.  

Most Arab countries see them as second class citizens known as ‘Palestine refugees’
under a UN refugee agency that only serves them called UNWRA
(the rest of the world is served by UNHCR)

Jewish refugees were accepted as citizens and concentrated on building a new life.
Now their demands for what they lost are being heard.

Go To   Expulsion  to find out what happened to them







MINISTER LEADS EFFORT TO CLAIM REPARATION FOR STOLEN JEWISH PROPERTY

Israel Hayom, Yori Yalon and Israel Hayom Staff, Dec 2017

Social Equality Minister Gila Gamliel revealed Thursday she was leading international efforts to demand compensation for Jewish property stolen in Arab countries and in Iran. The announcement was made at an event commemorating the exodus of Mizrahi Jews in the International Convention Center in Jerusalem.

Some 3,000 people from all across the country attended the event on Thursday to commemorate the expulsion and exodus of some 850,000 Jews from Arab states and Iran since the founding of the State of Israel in 1948 and until the early 1970s.

These once-sizable communities are now virtually gone after anti-Jewish reactions to the Jewish state forced them to leave their countries of birth. These communities potentially left behind billions of dollars' worth of property and assets, according to the Alliance of Moroccan Immigrants.

Gamliel, who initiated Thursday's event, gave a speech revealing that she has led international efforts over recent months to assess and appraise the value of Jewish property forcibly left in Arab states and Iran.

Gamliel said that "in the coming months, we will be able to talk about numbers, and as such, also formulate a plan of action to claim the rights of the Jews of Arab states and Iran to their property."

The event opened with a touching bereavement prayer for the Jewish communities of Iran, Algeria, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Egypt, Syria, Iraq, Tunisia and Yemen, which include martyrs who gave their lives to assist immigration to Israel, victims of pogroms and other Jews who did not survive the journeys to Israel.

Ceremonies commemorating the exodus and expulsion of Mizrahi Jews took place earlier this week and will continue into next week, both in Israel and abroad.

Gamliel said that a national initiative to gather the legacies and stories of prominent Mizrahi Jews from Arab countries and Iran on camera will be expanded to include the Bnei Menashe and Cochin Jews of India, the Balkan Jews and the Caucasus Jews.

In addition, Gamliel signed a collaborative agreement on Thursday with director Steven Spielberg's University of Southern California Shoah Foundation, which records the testimonies of Holocaust survivors for posterity. The foundation will provide professional assistance to the government in recording the legacy of Mizrahi Jews.


ISRAEL CALLS FOR REPARATIONS FOR MIDDLE EASTERN JEWS
President says voices of Jews forced to leave Arab countries when Israel was founded ‘were muted,’ world must ‘mend the historical injustice’
Times of Israel by Marissa Newman and AFP November 30, 2014,

Israel on Sunday marked the displacement of hundreds of thousands of Jews from Arab countries in the years after the 1948 Arab-Israeli war, with Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and President Reuven Rivlin calling for financial reparations.

In a bid to draw attention to the plight of the forced migrants, Israel formally marked their displacement with a ceremony at the president’s house under a new law naming November 30 as the anniversary.

“It is not for nothing that this day is marked on the day after the 29th of November,” Netanyahu said, in reference to the anniversary of the UN adoption of the Palestine partition plan in 1947. “The Arab countries, which never accepted the UN declaration on the establishment of a Jewish state, compelled the Jews living in their territories to leave their homes while leaving their assets behind… We have acted – and will continue to act – so that they and their claims are not forgotten.”

In his address, Rivlin appealed for greater Sephardic representation in Israeli society, as well as for compensation for their suffering. He acknowledged that the troubles of Middle Eastern Jews were not mitigated upon arriving in Israel, where European Jews were firmly entrenched in power.

“Their voices were muted, but the words were in their mouths all along, even if they were said in Hebrew with a Persian or Arabic accent, which in Israel were thought of as enemy languages and viewed as a source of shame,” he said.

“The voice of Jews from Arab countries and Iran must be heard within the education system, in the media, in the arts, and in the country’s official institutions, as it needs to be heard in the international arena as well, in order to mend the historical injustice, and to ensure financial reparations,” Rivlin said.

The president also defended his decision to exclude singer Amir Benayoun from the event. Benayoun was disinvited last Tuesday from performing after he released a song that many criticized as expressing racist sentiment against Arabs.

In his address, Rivlin said he “objected to boycotts and I do not boycott anyone,” but maintained that his position required him to “be sensitive to public trends and opinions, and the atmosphere on the street, especially during such tense and sensitive times as these.

“Of course, an artist needs nobody’s permission to express themselves, within the limits of freedom of expression. However, the President’s Residence, as the home of all the citizens of Israel, must and should be careful to show care and respect to all citizens of Israel,” he said.

Meir Kahlon, chairman of the Central Organization for Jews from Arab Countries and Iran, said that “Nearly 800,000 came here [in the years after the establishment of the state] and the rest (around 56,000) went to the United States, France, Italy and elsewhere.”

Kahlon himself came to Israel as a child from Libya and spent his first years in the Jewish state in one of the tent camps set up to shelter the flood of newcomers.

Justice for Jews from Arab Countries (JJAC), an international umbrella group of Jewish community organizations, says 856,000 Jews from 10 Arab countries, among them Morocco, Iraq, Tunisia and Algeria, fled or were expelled in 1948 and after, while violent Arab riots left many Jews dead or injured.

Although many migrants arrived with meager belongings packed in a single suitcase, they did not seek formal refugee status from the international community.

At the time, the newly established Jewish state was struggling to attract migration from the world’s Jews and to project its legitimacy as a sovereign state, able to care for its own people.

Its prime minister, David Ben Gurion, would not have wanted Jews returning to their “historic homeland” classed as refugees, Kahlon said.

In March this year, Canada — whose Conservative Prime Minister Stephen Harper is a staunch backer of Israel — formally recognized the refugee status of the Jewish emigres who fled or were expelled from Arab countries after Israel’s founding.

Some of the migrants to Israel say privately that the issue is being promoted to give Israel a bargaining card if stalled negotiations with the Palestinians should resume and the Palestinians submit compensation claims for the property and assets they left behind in what is now Israel.

“The point is to establish symmetry so that the dispute can be closed,” one migrant told AFP on condition of anonymity.

Hanan Ashrawi, a senior official with the Palestine Liberation Organisation, said the issue was entirely separate from Palestinian claims for reparations from Israel — and must remain so. “They can discuss this with Arab countries, it’s not our business,” she told AFP. “They are trying to find every possible means of circumventing and sabotaging the Palestinian refugees’ rights.”

JJAC executive director Stanley A. Urman said the campaign to seek restitution for Jews from Arab countries was not meant to negate Palestinian rights.

“History, geography, demography don’t allow any comparison between the plight of Palestinian refugees and Jewish refugees,” he told journalists on Sunday, advocating a multilateral approach.

During the latest round of peace talks, which were shepherded by US Secretary of State John Kerry until their collapse in late April, there was talk about the establishment of an international peace fund, he said.

Such a fund would provide physical infrastructure for a Palestinian state, such as roads and sewers, as well as security for Israel in the form of final borders and the funding to allow for the establishment of security perimeters along those borders, he explained.

Thirdly, it would provide compensation “to all victims of the Arab-Israeli conflict, Palestinian and Jewish refugees alike.”


SEEKING REPARATIONS FOR JEWISH REFUGEES FROM ARAB COUNTRIES
Jerusalem Post, Rebecca Anna Stoil, FEBRUARY 17, 2010 00:00  

With a final vote on a key bill due next week, MK Nissim Ze’ev (Shas) held a planning meeting Monday involving community and international leaders working to secure compensation for Jews forced to flee Muslim lands following the establishment of the State of Israel.

During the meeting, which was attended by government officials from both Israel and the United States, as well as former Canadian Justice Minister Irwin Cotler, Knesset Speaker Reuven Rivlin (Likud) lashed out at the Arab Peace Initiative for engaging in “selective historical justice” and said that the Right of Return could not be discussed without also discussing compensation for Jewish refugees.

“This is the first step in a long process of raising awareness both in Israel and overseas regarding the fate of Middle Eastern Jewish communities,” Ze’ev told The Jerusalem Post Monday. He added that in the future he would conduct further meetings, and has drafted a bill that would require schools to teach the travails that faced Jews from the Middle East in the last century, both prior to and following the establishment of Israel.

Ze’ev said that Monday’s meeting was designed to increase public and international awareness of the near-total destruction of hundreds of ancient Jewish communities throughout North Africa, the Middle East and the Persian Gulf. Almost one million Jews became refugees in the years following the establishment of the State of Israel after they were expelled from many Muslim-controlled countries.

A bill sponsored by Ze’ev that would require tabling compensation for Middle Eastern Jews in any final status talks where Palestinian compensation is on the table is expected to pass its final readings on the Knesset floor next week with the support of the coalition.

“While Israel is being unremittingly attacked internationally with claims regarding Israel’s behavior toward the Palestinians, the world must remember that historical justice can be neither selective nor one-way,” said Rivlin during the conference. “Following 1948, Israel absorbed over a half-million Jewish refugees from Arab states, refugees who also have rights and historical and financial claims, and this issue must be inseparable from any future regional negotiations.”

Rivlin emphasized that particularly in light of the Palestinian claims of right of return, awareness of the historical and financial rights of those Jewish refugees must be raised.

“Even if we accept the estimates regarding the number of Palestinian refugees, which range from 500,000 to one million, then it is clear that before 1948, over one million Jews lived in the Middle East and North Africa.”

Rivlin argued that while the value of Palestinian claims has been estimated at approximately four billion dollars, the value of the Jewish refugees’ property has been assessed at six billion dollars.

The Knesset speaker accused the Arab Peace Initiative – which is based on a Saudi-sponsored peace plan – of engaging in selective historical memory for focusing only on “finding a just solution to the problem of the Palestinian refugees.”

In conversations outside the conference, Rivlin said that the key difference was that in the years after the establishment of the state, Israel worked to absorb and normalize the Jewish refugees “rather than keeping them in poor conditions to use as a political tool.”

Minister Leads Effort to Claim Reparation for Stolen Jewish Property

Israel Calls for Reparations
for
Middle Eastern
Jews

Seeking Reparations for Jewish Refugees from Arab Countries