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THE

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WHAT HAS/IS HAPPENING IN ISRAEL


ISRAEL - HISTORICAL TIMELINE,

1900 - PRESENT   
Pro-Con

Go to Pro-Con to see what happened on each date

___________________________________________


1900-1917 - Zionism and Early Jewish Immigration to Israel

1915-1916 - Hussein-McMahon Letters: British Encourage Arab Uprising against Ottoman Empire

May 16, 1916 - Sykes-Picot Agreement Sets Borders

June 1916 - Arab Revolt against the Ottoman Empire

Nov. 2, 1917 - Balfour Declaration: British Government States Intent to Create a Jewish Homeland in Palestine

1914-1918 - World War I and the Collapse of the Ottoman Empire

1919 - King-Crane Commission

1920-1922 - League of Nations Divides Former Ottoman Territories into Mandates

1920 Map of British and French Mandates.

1920 Map of British and French Mandates.

1933-1936 - Mass Jewish Immigration to Palestine after Nazis Gain Power in Germany

1933-1945 - Jewish Persecution and the Holocaust

1936-1939 - Arab Revolt in Palestine against British Mandate

1939-1945 - World War II and Jewish Resistance to British Mandate

1941-1945 - Grand Mufti of Jerusalem Haj Amin al-Husayni Collaborates with the Axis Powers

Feb. 14, 1947 - British Government Refers the Question of the Future of Palestine to the United Nations

Nov. 29, 1947 - United Nations Partitions Palestine into Separate Jewish and Palestinian States

1947 UN General Assembly Session When Partition Vote Took Place.

1947 UN General Assembly Session When Partition Vote Took Place.

1948 - 1967

Apr. 9, 1948 - Jewish Forces Attack the Palestinian Village of Deir Yassin

May 14, 1948 - Israel Declares Its Independence

May 15, 1948 - First Arab-Israeli War Begins

1948-1949 - 700,000 Palestinians Become Refugees

1949 - Israel Signs Armistice Agreements with Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria

On 23 March 1949, a second General armistice agreement was signed, this time with Lebanon. Here, too, the armistice line was to coincide with the previous international boundary.

The Agreement with Transjordan (now the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan) - far more complicated because of the nature of the armistice line, and its political implications - was signed on 3 April."

1949-1956 - Conflict continues Between Arabs and Israelis

July 1956 - Suez Crisis / Second Arab-Israeli War Erupts

June 2, 1964 - Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) Formed

June 5, 1967 - "Six-Day War" Takes Place

1969 - Yasser Arafat Elected Chairman of the PLO

Mar. 1969 - Aug. 1970 - War of Attrition with Egypt

Sep. 1970 - Palestinian Guerilla Organizations Attempt to Overthrow Jordanian Monarchy

1970-1971 - Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) Is Expelled from Jordan and Moves to Lebanon

Sep. 1972 - Palestinian Members of Black September Murder 11 Israeli Athletes at 1972 Munich Olympics

Oct. 6, 1973 - "Yom Kippur War" (aka War of 1973) Begins

Oct. 25, 1973 - Cease Fire Agreement Ends Yom Kippur War

Jan. 1974 - Israel and Egypt Sign Disengagement Accord over Suez

May 1974 - Israel and Syria Sign Disengagement Accord over Golan Heights

Ian J. Bickerton and Carla L. Klausner A Concise History of the Arab-Israeli Conflict, 2002

Oct. 28 1974 - Arab League Recognizes PLO as the Legitimate Representative of the Palestinian People

Nov. 10, 1975 - UN General Assembly Passes Resolution Calling Zionism a Form of Racism

Mar. 14-15, 1978 - Israel Invades Southern Lebanon in Response to PLO Attack

Mar. 26, 1979 - Egypt and Israel Sign Peace Treaty; Sinai Peninsula Reverts to Egyptian Sovereignty

June 6, 1982 - Israel Invades Lebanon, Eventually Driving the PLO out of Beirut

1982 - Reagan Plan Rejects Creation of an Independent Palestinian State

May 17, 1983 - Israel and Lebanon Sign Peace Agreement

Dec. 9, 1987 - First Palestinian Intifada Begins

Dec. 1987 - Founding of Hamas

July 31, 1988 - Jordan Renounces Its Claim to the West Bank and Severs All Administrative and Judicial Links

Nov. 15, 1988 - Palestine National Council (PNC) Proclaims the Establishment of a Palestinian State

1991 - Madrid Conference: Israel Enters First Direct Negotiations with Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, and the Palestinians

Apr. 16, 1993 - Hamas Carries out First Suicide Bombing Attack within Israel

Activity in Terrorist Organizations," ijcv.org, 2007

Sep. 13, 1993 - Oslo Peace Accord Is Signed by Israel and the PLO

Feb. 25, 1994 - Massacre at the Tomb of the Patriarchs

Apr. 1994 - Paris Protocol Is Signed by Israel and the Palestinian Authority

May 4, 1994 - Cairo Agreement Is Signed between Israel and the PLO

Oct. 26, 1994 - Israel and Jordan Sign Peace Treaty

Sep. 28, 1995 - Oslo II Accords Signed between Israel and the PLO, Giving Palestinians Control over Parts of the West Bank and Gaza

Nov. 5, 1995 - Prime Minister of Israel Yitzhak Rabin Assassinated

Jan. 15, 1997 - West Bank City of Hebron Is Divided into Areas of Israeli and Palestinian Control

Oct.-Nov 1998 - Wye River Memorandum and Israeli Withdrawal from Portion of the West Bank

Oct. 4, 1999 - Sharm al-Sheikh Agreement Sets a Timetable for Permanent Peace Settlement Between Israel and Palestine

May 23-24, 2000 - Israel Pulls Remaining Troops out of Lebanon

July 11-26, 2000 - Historic Camp David II Summit Fails to Resolve Conflict

Sep. 29, 2000 - Beginning of the Second Intifada

Oct. 2000 - Suicide Bombing Attacks against Israel Increase in Frequency

Jan. 21-27, 2001 - Taba Negotiations: Israelis and Palestinians Discuss Palestinian Refugees, Borders, Security, and the Future of Jerusalem

Feb. 6, 2001 - Ariel Sharon Elected Prime Minister of Israel

May 21, 2001 - Mitchell Report: International Commission Releases Its Findings and Recommendations on the Causes of the Intifada

Aug. 27, 2001 - Israel Assassinates the Leader of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine

Oct. 17, 2001 - Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine Assassinates Israeli Minister of Tourism

Jan. 5, 2002 - Israel Seizes Ship Carrying 50 Tons of Military Equipment

Mar. 13, 2002 - United States Sponsors UN Security Council Resolution Calling for a Palestinian State alongside the State of Israel

Mar. 28, 2002 - Arab League Adopts the Pan-Arab Initiative for Peace in the Middle East

Mar. 27, 2002 - Hamas Suicide Attack Kills 30 Israeli Civilians during Passover Seder

Mar. 29 - Apr. 21, 2002 - Israel Launches Operation Defensive Shield and Invades and Occupies Much of the West Bank

July 22, 2002 - Israel Assassinates Military Leader of Hamas

Aug. 1, 2002 - United Nations Report Disputes Claim of Jenin "Massacre"

Mar. 19, 2003 - Arafat Names Mahmoud Abbas Prime Minister of the Palestinian Authority

Apr. 30, 2003 - US Publishes "Road Map" towards a Middle East Peace

June 4, 2003 - Mideast Peace Summit Convened in Jordan by President Bush and Prime Ministers Sharon and Abbas

June 19, 2003 - Israel Begins Construction of West Bank Security Wall/Fence

Oct. 14, 2003 - 2003 Geneva Accords: Palestinian and Israeli Politicians Release Symbolic Peace Agreement

Nov. 18, 2003 - European Union Formally Condemns Israeli West Bank Wall/Fence

Feb. 2, 2004 - Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon Announces Gaza Withdrawal

Mar. 14, 2004 - Hamas and Fatah Claim Responsibility for Suicide Bombing in Ashdod Port Killing 10

Mar. 22, 2004 - Hamas Founder and Spiritual Leader, Sheikh Ahmed Yassin, Killed by Israeli Airstrike

Apr. 17, 2004 - Head of Hamas, Abdel Aziz al Rantissi, Killed by Israeli Airstrike

June 28, 2004 - First Israeli Fatalities from Hamas Rockets

9, 2004 - World Court Rules West Bank Fence/Wall Violates International Law

Oct. 26, 2004 - Israel's Parliament Votes in Support of Dismantling All Jewish Settlements in Gaza

Nov. 11, 2004 - Yasser Arafat Dies in Paris

Jan. 10, 2005 - Mahmoud Abbas Elected President of the Palestinian Authority

Feb. 8, 2005 - Ariel Sharon and Mahmoud Abbas Agree to Ceasefire

Mar. 10, 2005 - Sasson Report Reveals Illegal Israeli Outposts in West Bank and Gaza Strip

Aug. 22, 2005 - Israel Removes the Last Jewish Settlements in Gaza

ov. 21, 2005 - Arial Sharon Leaves Likud Party and Establishes Kadima Party

Jan. 5, 2006 - Israeli Prime Minister Sharon Replaced after Stroke

Mar. 28, 2006 - New Israeli Centrist Party, Kadima, Wins Israeli Parliamentary Election

July - Aug. 2006 - Israel-Lebanon War

June 10-18, 2007 - Hamas Takes over Gaza, Abbas Swears in New West Bank Government, and Israel Blockades Gaza

Nov. 27, 2007 - Annapolis Peace Conference Takes Place

Nov. 14, 2008 - Hamas Fires Barrage of Rockets into Israel

Dec. 27, 2008 - Operation Cast Lead: Israeli Bombardment and Occupation of Gaza

Jan. 21, 2009 - Israel Announces a Unilateral Ceasefire and Israeli Troops Leave Gaza

Mar. 26, 2009 - Close Israeli Elections Result in Netanyahu Forming a Coalition Government

June 4, 2009 - Obama Supports Two-State Solution and Opposes Settlements in Cairo Speech

June 14, 2009 - Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu Conditionally Endorses Palestinian State

Aug. 4, 2009 - Fatah Holds First Party Congress in 20 Years

Aug. 26, 2009 - Palestinian Authority Issues Plan to Create Palestinian State within Two Years

May. 31, 2010 - Israeli Commandos Board a Flotilla of Ships Carrying Aid for Gaza and Kill Nine Activists

Jan. 23, 2011 - Leaked Documents Show Palestinians Willing to Make Major Concessions to Cut a Peace Deal

Mar. 19, 2011 - Hamas Rocket Fire Barrage against Israel

May 4, 2011 - Palestinian Rivals Fatah and Hamas Sign Reconciliation Pact

May 19, 2011 - President Obama Calls for Negotiations to Begin for a Palestinian State Based on Israel's Pre-1967 Borders

Sep. 20, 2011 - Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas Seeks Full UN Membership for a Palestinian State

Oct. 2011 - Hamas Releases Israeli Prisoner Gilad Shalit in Exchange for over 1,000 Palestinian Prisoners

Oct. 31, 2011 - Palestine Becomes 195th Full Member of UNESCO, United States Pulls Annual $70 Million Contribution

Nov. 11, 2011 - Palestinian Statehood Bid Stalls after UN Security Council Fails to Vote

Jan. 25, 2012 - Israeli-Palestinian Peace Talks in Jordan End without Progress

May 7, 2012 - Israeli PM Netanyahu Forms New Coalition Government with Opposition Leader, Pledging a Renewal of Peace Process

Oct. 24, 2012 - Palestinians in Gaza Fire 60 Rockets into Israel

Nov. 12, 2012 - Palestinian Authority to Seek Non-Member State Status at United Nations

Nov. 14, 2012 - Israel Launches Operation Pillar of Defense against Hamas Militants in the Gaza Strip

Nov. 29, 2012 - United Nations Votes to Accept Palestine as a Non-Member Observer State

July 29, 2013 - Israeli-Palestinian Peace Talks Resume in Washington, DC

Apr. 23, 2014 - Hamas and Fatah Announce Agreement to Form a Unity Government

June 13, 2014 - Palestinians in Gaza Begin Series of Rocket Attacks against Israel

July 8, 2014 - Israel Launches Operation Protective Edge against Hamas Militants in Gaza

Aug. 26, 2014 - Egypt Brokers One-Month Ceasefire to Halt Violence between Israel and Gaza

Mar. 16, 2015 - Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu Says No to Two-State Solution on Eve of Election

May 13, 2015 - The Vatican Recognizes State of Palestine in New Treaty

Sep. – Oct. 2015 - Escalating Violence between Palestinians and Israelis

Sep. 14, 2016 - United States Commits $38 Billion over Ten Years to Military Assistance for Israel

Dec. 23, 2016 - US Abstains on United Nations Resolution Condemning Israeli Settlements Allowing Motion to Pass

Feb. 6, 2017 - Israel Passes Law Retroactively Legalizing Almost 4,000 Settler Homes Built on Palestinian Land

Feb. 15, 2017 - US President Trump Open to One-State Solution, Change in Decades-Long US Policy of Advocating Two-State Solution

Apr. 6, 2017 - Russia Recognizes West Jerusalem as Future Capital of Israel and East Jerusalem as Capital of Future Palestinian State

May 1, 2017 - Hamas Declares Willingness to Accept Interim Palestinian State alongside Israel (pre-1967 Boundaries)

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