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THE

INCREDIBLE

STORY OF THE JEWISH PEOPLE



THE HEBREW BIBLE/ THE PENTATEUCH /

OLD TESTAMENT/
HEBREW SCRIPTURES/TORAH/TANAKH



From  israel-a-history-of.com

The Old Testament timeline begins in the book of Genesis with the Creation story. Plainly put nobody knows when this was. Like most other issues associated with the Old Testament, the history of the Old Testament is a hotly debated topic. It is difficult, thus, when presenting an Old Testament timeline to capture all of the different theories and dates provided for certain periods and people. Just about every incident, character, king, etc. in the Old Testament has multiple dates given for when it occurred. However, most of these dates differ by no more than a few years to a decade.













Beyond the mid-third millennium BC (ca. 2500 BC) much of "known history" is far from certain in many respects. The Sumerians, ca. 3000 BC, are the earliest known civilization on earth. We know little of them.

The time stretching from Abraham to Nehemiah pretty much covers the entire Old Testament. Roughly speaking, the time in question is 2000 BC - 400 BC, though most all OT dates are debated topics.

The Exodus is central to one's chronology of the Old Testament. It was the watershed moment in Israel's history, and is much debated by theologians, scholars, historians and archaeologists today.

The Late Bronze Age, by most accounts, stretches from 1550 BC - 1150 BC. The Amorites were Old Testament peoples who thrived between 1600 - 1200 BC. They were a powerful people, pictured in some ancient depictions as big as oak

The Exodus is central to one's chronology of the Old Testament. It was the watershed moment in Israel's history, and is much debated by theologians, scholars, historians and archaeologists today.

The Patriarchs of Abraham, Isaac & Jacob lived primarily, in most opinions, between 2000 BC and 1800 BC. It is also generally agreed David lived around 1000 BC, though "archaeological" evidence for his existence is scarce & debatable.

the Late Bronze Age is an important period of time on the Old Testament timeline. Textually speaking the inclination is towards a 15th century BC Exodus. Around 1200 BC civilization was introduced to Iron, thus initiating the Iron Age. It was during this time the Philistines arrived and became a major threat to Israel's existence. The Merneptah Stele proves a concrete date on the Old Testament timeline. Israel was already established in the hill country, as the Old Testament accurately depicts, in the 13th century.


Thus the arrival of the Philistines would usher in a new danger for the ancient Hebrews. The Early Iron Age was a time of transition not only for civilization, but Israel as well. By 1100 BC Aramean kingdoms had risen in the north, at Zobah, Damascus, Hamath and Beth-rehob. Gaza, Ashdod, Ekron, Gath and Ashkelon made up the Philistine Pentapolis on the coast.


From ca. 1200 - 900 BC no foreign power meddled in the Levant, leaving these city-state kingdoms to fight amongst each other. Israel found itself pushed into the hill country and threatened in multiple directions. The next section of the Old Testament timeline would see Israel's transition from tribal existence to a United Monarchy in an effort to fend off foreign threats.


Old Testament History & Timeline