Since 1948 the Palestinian Refugees have been used as a political weapon against Israel whose well being is irrelevant. Since 1967 the only major agreement made by their leadership with Israel has been the division of the West Bank into Areas A, B and C (see Maps and Areas A,B and C). There have been peace negotiations since then which have come to nothing (see BBC History of Mid East Peace Talks). For peace talks to succeed would mean recognition of the State of Israel. They will appear to be reasonable but always include a mandatory clause they know Israel will not acccept so causing the talks to collapse. This can be seen in writing as it is part of the Hamas Covenant).
The story of the Palestinian Refugees is a catastrophe. In 1948 the Jewish population of the British mandate of Palestine agreed to accept the boundary allocated to them in the UN Partition Map. The day after they declared the State of Israel they were attacked by the armies of the surrounding countries . The result was the (unexpected) defeat of these armies and the creation of 700,000 Palestinian refugees. At the same time Jews who had lived in Arab countries for over 2,000 years fled and settled elsewhere. They were given citizenship and built new lives. The Arab League decided that the Palestinian refugees should be used as a weapon against Israel and citizenship in Arab countries should not be offered to them. They persuaded the UN to establish a refugee organisation (UNRWA) to look after them. Today most of them still live in one of the 58 camps operated by UNRWA.
Had the Arab countries offered them the same help received by the Jewish exiles there would now be no ‘problem’.
Gaza is now controlled by a terrorist organisation called Hamas. Corruption is rampant
The hope is that what has been an area of internal Arab warfare such as that between Iran and Iraq, Saudi Arabia and Yemen a civil war in Syria, an unsuccessful ‘Arab Spring’ and the growth of organisations such as Al Queda, ISIS and Black September will, together with Israel, become an area of peace and tranquility.
Over half the over $I billion annual UNWRA budget is spent on maintaining duplicate education systems in countries in which they operate. There have also been many complaints of their issuing anti-Israel text books to keep their ‘struggle’ with I srael alive.
In 135 CE the Romans exiled the majority of the Jewish people after defeating the Bar Kochba revolt and renamed Judea “Palestina”. It then became part of the Roman province of “Syria Palestine” with the object of erasing the name ‘Judea’ from the map.
Leading up to Israel's independence in 1948, all those living in the British mandate of Palestine were called Palestinians. After 1967, when Israel captured the West Bank from Jordan, the ‘refugees’ living there and in the Gaza Strip called themselves Palestinians instead of Jordanian or Egyptian. The Arabs refer to to the area as“Filastin.” as they cannot pronounce the word Palestine in their native tongue. The word Palestine or Filastin does not appear in the Koran. The term peleset appears in the Jewish Tanakh no fewer than 250 times.
The Covenant of the Islamic Resistance Movement was issued on August 18, 1988. The Islamic Resistance Movement, also known as the HAMAS, is an extremist fundamentalist Islamic organization. Its Covenant is a comprehensive manifesto comprised of 36 separate articles, all of which promote the basic HAMAS goal of destroying the State of Israel through Jihad (Islamic Holy War). ( For this reason it aims rockets at Israel; and trains militia. Items allowed in are strictly monitored to prevent weapon entry and components that can be used with/for weapons.)
The following are excerpts of the HAMAS Covenant:
Goals of the HAMAS:
'The Islamic Resistance Movement is a distinguished Palestinian movement, whose allegiance is to Allah, and whose way of life is Islam. It strives to raise the banner of Allah over every inch of Palestine.' (Article 6)
On the Destruction of Israel:
'Israel will exist and will continue to exist until Islam will obliterate it, just as it obliterated others before it.' (Preamble)
The Exclusive Moslem Nature of the Area:
'The land of Palestine is an Islamic Waqf [Holy Possession] consecrated for future Moslem generations until Judgment Day. No one can renounce it or any part, or abandon it or any part of it.' (Article 11)
'Palestine is an Islamic land... Since this is the case, the Liberation of Palestine is an individual duty for every Moslem wherever he may be.' (Article 13)
Palestinian refugees were Arabs who fled from their homes during the 1948 Arab-Israel war. A UN organisation UNWRA to help them. The following year another UN organisation - UNHCR - was created for refugees from everywhere else.. Since then, the number of Palestinian refugee has grown while, from other groups they have shrunk as each use a different definition for ‘refugee’. The Palestine refugees still exist and are a major problem between Israel and the Arab community. Simultaneously Jews fled from Arab countries, resettled, have created no problems and are now often referred as ‘The Forgotten People’. Many refer to this as population exchange as happened when India was split into India (for Hindu and others) and Pakistan (for Moslems). Peace will replace confrontation with prosperity.
(UNRWA) was formed in 1948 to look after Palestinian refugees.
It was thought it would be disbanded within a few years. it still exists 70 years later with 30,000 employees and a budget of over $1,000,000,000 per year mostly paid by Western countries with the Arab countries contributing little except for special projects. It has been called a semi-state by taking on functions such as education, health and the 58 refugee camps. It has over 30,000 employees for Palestinian Refugees while UNHCR has 10,800 employees to deal with the rest of the world.
It is estimated that only 40-70,000 of the original 700,000 refugees are alive. (For more detail see ‘The Legal Status of Palestinian Refugees’)
UNHCR was formed in 1949 to look after refugees from the rest of the world. As of 30 June 2017 it has 10,966 staff. its annual budget rose to more than US$ 1 billion in the early 1990s and reached a new annual high of US$ 7.7 billion in 2017. It is funded almost entirely by voluntary contributions, with 87 per cent from governments and the European Union. Only one per cent is from the from the UN budget. Its Annual Report shows there were 65.6 million forcibly displaced people worldwide, 22.5 million refugees (5.3 million under UNRWA), 10 million stateless people and that they resettled 189,300 people in 2016
Their definition of ‘refugee’ differs.
UNRWA it is heritable Refugee status to be inherited by descendants. This explains the expansion of UNRWA
UNHCR is not heritable Refugee status cannot be inherited by descendants.
Palestinians, especially Palestinian Refugees, have suffered from abuse and discrimination throughout the Arab world. Treated as second class citizens they have been/are barred from jobs, lost their home and been exiled from and refused admission to Arab countries.
The Syrian civil war will finish within the next few years. The country will be left in a state of destruction which will require international help, amounting to billions of dollars, for rebuilding and resettling. Conversations have started as to how this should be done. Parallel to this, rebuilding is required in Iraq and Yemen. This can mean a new life for Palestinian Refugees. Through settlement and citizenship in Arab countries they lose their description of ‘refugee’ and go from unemployment to employment. How this change can takes place is overlaid with politics and corruption and not with Palestine refugees.
UNRWA is responsible for over 500,000 students. It spends more than 50% of its annual budget on education.
Children are brainwashed in schools to believe that Israel is ‘the eternal enemy’ and that they are engaged in jihad (warfare) against them to recover the land Israel occupies for the Arabs. In Gaza this is expressed in the Hamas Covenantand explains why the Palestinians Say ‘NO’ in negotiations with Israel, military drills and how and why they should fire guns.
FINANCE PALESTINIAN ECONOMIC UPDATE - OCTOBER 2019 World Bank
The Palestinian economy witnessed minimal real growth in 2018 due to a steep deterioration in Gaza while the West Bank economy continued to grow, albeit at a slower pace. The most recent national accounts data for the first quarter of 2019 reveals a bounce back with the Palestinian economy growing by 3.8% year-on- year: 4.2% in the West Bank and 2% in Gaza.
This growth is mostly due to a base effect as the first quarter of 2018 was especially weak. Also, the Palestinian Authority’s (PA) fiscal crises started in March 2019, so its impact was not yet reflected in the first quarter’s GDP data.
A one-off clearance revenue transfer of fuel taxes (USD560 million) was made by Israel in August 2019. This is expected to enable the PA to muddle through 2019, with reduced spending. Various economic indicators show that the decline in public spending has not resulted in a significant downward adjustment in consumption and investment patterns so far in 2019, as the crisis has been perceived as a liquidity rather than a solvency problem. As a result, real GDP growth is expected to be 1.3% in 2019. But uncertainty about a comprehensive resolution for the clearance revenue standoff remains high. Under a baseline scenario which assumes a continuation of the Israeli restrictive regime, persistence of the internal divide between the West Bank and Gaza and a decline in aid levels, the Palestinian economy is expected to slip into negative growth in 2020 and 2021, even if additional one-off transfers from clearance revenues are made. This is mainly due to the high level of uncertainty around a resolution, which would eventually exact a toll on private spending behavior. The decline in growth implies a sizable decline in real per capita income and a rise in poverty. The future fiscal outcome likewise hinges on the clearance revenue standoff. If not resolved, the PA would embark on the year 2020 with severe fiscal conditions. If donor support levels remain similar to 2019, the PA could be facing a financing gap after aid, on a commitment basis, exceeding US$2 billion.
The Theory of Change states that ‘regular change occurs in small steps’ (incrementalism). until Major Change is Required, as with product redesign and company reorganisation.
70 years have been spent on trying to resolve the Palestine Refugee issue Major change is required so that Palestinian Refugees, can be resettled and have a prosperous future.
Just as Jewish Exiles from Arab countries, resettled, and made new lives.
A BETTER MIDDLE EAST FUTURE BY COOPERATION INSTEAD OF OPPOSITION
What is the difference between Jewish exiles from Arab countries and Palestinian Refugees?
Jewish exiles settled quickly and no longer existed as refugees.
After 70 years Palestinian Refugees have not been settled by Arab countries and are still called ‘refugees’ with no sign of resettlement.
Why are Palestinian Refugees and refugees from the rest of the world supported by different UN agencies?
Because UNRWA was established first and only applied to Palestinian refugees. The following year UNHCR was established for the rest of the world.
We have now reached the ‘tipping point’ in the Palestine Refugee Story
A Two-State Solution to the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict
Provides the Best Economic Outcomes Jun 8, 2015
The Israeli economy stands to gain more than $120 billion over the next decade in a two-state solution, a possible resolution of the long-standing conflict between Israelis and Palestinians. Palestinians would gain $50 billion, with average per-capita income rising by about 36 percent.
INTERNATIONAL MEDIA BIAS AGAINT ISRAEL IS RASCISM AGAINT ARABS - George Deek Med Israel for fred 2014 (5.09) George Deek, Israel's vice ambassador in Oslo, speaking in Sarpsborg FrP 7. april 2014. This is the last part of the lecture recorded by mobile phone.