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Palestinian Refugees: Protection in Exile
TOPICAL REVIEW DIGEST: HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE MIDDLE EAST & NORTH AFRICA,
By Vivienne Chew

The exact number of Palestinians in exile is unknown, with wide-ranging and contentious estimates by Palestinian and Israeli sources. Reasons for the difficulty in obtaining authoritative statistics on the Palestinian refugee population include frequent migration, the absence of a reliable census or a formal registration system, and the lack of an official definition of who constitutes a Palestinian refugee. Although UNRWA has adopted an operational definition of a Palestinian refugee, this simply establishes criteria for assistance and excludes large segments of the Palestinian refugee population. Therefore, even within the Operation Areas, the actual number of Palestinian refugees is unknown and could be much higher than the number of registered refugees. On the other hand, UNRWA’s statistics have been criticized as being grossly exaggerated, due partly to the agency’s failure to consistently update its registration lists.
















































































































































































































































LINKS

Analysis: How many Palestinians are there in the West Bank? It depends.   I24 Israel

Lebanon Census Finds Number of Palestinian Refugees Only a Third of Official UN Data

Haaretz, Amira Hass Dec 25, 2017
A census in Lebanon finds 175,000 Palestinian refugees living in the country, while the UN figure put their number at 500,000

Palestine refugees: locations and numbers   IRIN   2018


PALESTINIAN REFUGEE STATISTICS

DID ISRAEL CREATE THE ARAB REFUGEE PROBLEM?

- UNWRA, formed in 1948 to look after Palestinian refugees

UNHCR formed in 1949 to look after refugees from the rest of the world


The Palestinian refugees are the only group of refugees
whose numbers expand due to the difference in the definition of
‘refugee’ by UNHCR and UNWRA

'Palestine Refugee’ became a ‘heritable status’ by UNWRA in 1965.
THIS MEANS THAT THEIR NUMBERS  G
R O W

Other Refugees do NOT have a ‘heritable status’ with UNHCR
THIS MEANS THAT THE NUMBER OF REFUGEES WITHIN EACH GROUP GOES
D O W N


ORIGINAL PALESTINIAN REFUGEES
(Wikipedia)


1948 Arab Palestinians exodus:

(Most of them  became Palestinian refugees
with Jordanian passports)

711,000 (estimated)


 1948 Palestinian refugees still alive in 2012:

30,000 to 50,000 (estimated)

1967 Palestinian refugees exodus:[4]


280,000 to 325,000 (estimated)

Descendants (2012):

4,950,000

PALESTINE AND PALESTINIAN REFUGEES UNDER UNRWA MANDATE

Total (2015)

 5,149,742
For the basis of this figure also see the UNRWA definition

Regions of operation


 Gaza Strip, West Bank, Lebanon, Syria, Jordan

Non-registered 1948 refugees


Estimate (2015
 1,049,848–1,380,714

Assumes approximately one-quarter of 1948 refugees are unregistered

PALESTINE AND PALESTINIAN REFUGEES UNDER UNHCR MANDATE

Total 2014

97,212

Regions with significant populations:[6]

Gulf States, Egypt, Iraq, Yemen, as well as Australia, Europe and America




GROWTH RATES

The growth rates show the major annual increase in
the number of Palestinian refugees

(All figures approximate)

FIGURES BELOW BASED ON WIKIPEDIA FIGURES IN TABLE ABOVE


Palestinian UNWRA Registered Refugees in 1948

711,000

 In 2015 this became,
(that is after 67 years  2015 -1948)
5,943,000/957,000  = means the population
grew 7.24 times


5,149,742

So, in  2082  i.e. in 67 years time, this will become
(assuming the same growth rate of 7.24)


THE TOTAL NUMBER WILL BE FAR HIGHER IF THOSE WHO CAN CLASSIFY THEMSELVES AS PALESTINIAN REFUGEES,  BUT ARE NOT REGISTERED WITH UNWRA  
ARE TAKEN INTO ACCOUNT


37,284,000

= 556,477 per year


 


Example of Area Growth

October 2015,
 Gaza registered UNWRA refugee population, 1,300,000 refugees  

This will grow 7.24 times
in the next 67 years to 9,412,000 refugees

Gaza Annual Growth Rate

121,075 refugees
per annum

(9,412,000 - 1,300,000 = 8,112,000 divided by 67)

Example of Donor Contributions

 2015 donor receipts to UNWRA

$1,242,914,767

2015 Contributions to UNWRA


US, =  $380,593,116   (No.1)
 EU,=  $136,751,943   (No 2)
GB =     $99,602,875   (No 3)

Total = $617,000,000

Overal Total = $1,246,802,615
(104 ? Contributors)

Top 3 contributors
give

 49% of Total Donor contributions


Two examples of how information is expressed are:


The Independent, a special report by Judith Miller and David Samuels Wednesday 21 October 2009


It is a cynical but time-honoured practice in Middle Eastern politics: the statesmen who decry the political and humanitarian crisis of the approximately 3.9 million Palestinians in the Israeli-occupied West Bank and in Gaza ignore the plight of an estimated 4.6 million Palestinians who live in Arab countries. For decades, Arab governments have justified their decision to maintain millions of stateless Palestinians as refugees in squalid camps as a means of applying pressure to Israel. The refugee problem will be solved, they say, when Israel agrees to let the Palestinians have their own state.

fanack, Chronicle of the Middle East and North Africa October 2010, Published December 2016


According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS), there were 10.97 million Palestinians worldwide in 2010. 4.11 million Palestinians were living in Palestine (37.5 percent); 1.36 million (12.4 percent) in Israel; 3.24 million (29.8 percent) in Jordan; 1.78 (16.3 percent) in the other Arab countries, especially in neighbouring Lebanon and Syria; and 626,800 (5.7 percent) in the rest of the world.  

 

  


THIS TOPIC IS DIVIDED INTO TWO PARTS


Part 1  MODERN HISTORY OF ISRAEL

Part 2  JEWISH EXILES FROM ARAB COUNTRIES and

PALESTINIAN REFUGEES

Did Israel Create the Arab Refugee Problem?

Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS)

 

PALESTINIAN CENTRAL BUREAU OF STATISTICS (PCBS)
On The Occasion Of the International Day of Refugees (20/06/2017).

66% of Palestinians who were living in Historic Palestine (British-Mandated Palestine) in 1948 were Expelled and Displaced


The  human plight and tragedy that has befallen on the Palestinian people in 1948, a devastating tragedy was expelled and displaced from land seized by Israeli occupation as about 957 thousand Palestinian Arabs, representing 66.0% of the total Palestinians who were living in historic Palestine on the eve of the war of 1948, according to estimates in 1950.


 

Number of Official Palestinian Camps
as Recognized by UNRWA by the Residential Country

Source: General Statistics UNRWA Statistics Bulletin-2016(11 May 2017)


Several official estimates on the number of Palestinian refugees on the eve of the 1948 war were released from various sources.  However, United Nations released two estimates: the first referred to the number of Palestinian refugees that amounted to about 726 thousand refugees as based on the estimates of the United Nations in 1949.  And the second that amounted to 957 thousand refugees as based on estimates of 1950.

5.9 MILLION REGISTERED REFUGEES IN UNRWA

UNRWA Records indicated that the number of registered Palestinian refugees in 2016 amounted up to about 5.9 million and these figures represented the minimum number of Palestinian refugees. Palestinian refugees in the West Bank who are registered with UNRWA as in 2016 accounted up to 17.0% of the total refugees registered with UNRWA against 24.5% in Gaza Strip. At the level of the Arab countries, the percentage of Palestinian refugees registered with UNRWA in Jordan, amounted up to 39.1% of the total Palestinian refugees while the percentage of Palestinian refugees registered with UNRWA in Lebanon and Syria reached  8.8%  and 10.6% respectively.


 

Percentage Distribution of Palestinian Refugees by the Residential Country 2016,
(According to the data of UNRWA on the Palestinian Refugees)

Source: General Statistics UNRWA Statistics Bulletin -2016 (11 May 2017)


42% OF THE TOTAL POPULATION IN STATE OF PALESTINE ARE REFUGEES

Data refer that the percentage of the population of refugees in State of Palestine in 2016 is estimated at 41.5% of the total Palestinian population living in State of Palestine, and data indicated that 26.2% of the population in the West Bank are refugees, while the percentage of refugees in Gaza Strip is 65.3%.


 

Percentage of Refugees in State of Palestine by Region, 2016

Source: Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics 2017. Database of the Labor Force Survey, the fourth quarter 2016. Ramallah -Palestine



PALESTINIAN REFUGEES ARE CHARACTERIZED AS A YOUNGSTERS COMMUNITY

The percentage of persons aged less than 15 years in State of Palestine reached 39.1%  (as of 39.3% for refugees and 38.9% for non- refugees) in the fourth quarter 2016, while the percentage of elderly aged 60 years and over among refugee reached 4.2% of the total refugees while for  non- refugees reached 4.8%.

PALESTINIAN REFUGEE WOMEN LIVING IN STATE OF PALESTINE ARE THE MOST FERTILITY

The total fertility rate for the period (2008-2009) in State of Palestine amounted 4.4 births. When compared to those rates by refugee status, it is clear to us that there are light differences in the total fertility rates between refugees and non-refugees,  the total fertility rate among refugee reached 4.4 births while these rates among non-refugee reached 4.3 births.

Fertility Rates in State of Palestine by refugee Status (2008 -2009)

Source: Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, 2017. Palestinian family Survey Database, 2010.   Ramallah –Palestine

 


PARTICIPATION RATE IN LABOR FORCE IS LOW FOR BOTH REFUGEES AND NON-REFUGEES

The results of the Labor Force Survey in 2016 showed that the participation rate in labor force among refugees aged 15 years and over whom residing in State of Palestine were 46.1% against 45.5% for non- refugees.

UNEMPLOYMENT RATE IS HIGH FOR REFUGEES

Data indicated that there is a clear difference on the level of unemployment rate among refugees and non-refugees, as unemployment rate among refugees reached up to 33.3% compared to 22.3% among non-refugees.

ONE-THIRD OF THE REFUGEES ARE WORKING AS SPECIALISTS AND TECHNICIANS

In 2016, the profession of "technicians, specialists, assistant, and clerks" considered as the most accommodating profession among refugees and non- refugees in State of Palestine alike as refugees amounted to 33.8% while the non-refugees reached 22.9%. Also, legislators and senior management staff represented the lowest percentage for both of refugees and non-refugees with a variation by 3.0% for refugees and 3.3% for non-refugees.

AN INCREASE IN PERCENTAGES OF EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT AMONG REFUGEES

The percentage of illiteracy among Palestinian refugees in 2016 for individuals aged 15 years and over reached 2.7%, while among non-refugee reached 3.3%. As a percentage of Palestinian refugees aged 15 years and over who obtained a bachelor's degree or higher reached 14.9 % of the total refugees aged 15 years and over against 12.6% for non-refugees.

ABOUT 65% OF THE REFUGEE HOUSEHOLDS LIVE IN AN APARTMENT

Data of 2016 indicated that 43.3% of the households of State of Palestine live in an independent house, the percentage among non-refugee was 50.2% against 34.1% for refugees, and the percentage of household living in an apartment reached 54.4% (46.4% non-refugee against 65.2% for refugee). The percentage of refugee households living in a rented accommodation reached 10.6% of the total refugee households and 72.1% for refugee households are living in owned housing unit.

THE SITUATION OF PALESTINIANS REFUGEES IN DIASPORA:

Palestinians refugees in Jordan

The socio-economic conditions of the Jordan's Palestinian camp refugees study 2011, which prepared by FAFO shows that 39.9% of persons in the Palestinian camps refugees in Jordan aged under 15 year old , while the percentage of elderly (65 years and over) was 4.3%, and the average of household size was 5.1 persons.  The data also indicated that the percentage of illiteracy rate among the Palestinian camps refugees in Jordan aged 15 and over was 8.6%.

Palestinians refugees in Lebanon

Data available on Palestinians living in Lebanon in 2011 showed that 31.1% of the population were below the age of 15, 6.1% were aged 65 years and over.  The sex ratio was 98.2 males per hundred females in 2011.  Data available for 2011 indicated that the average Palestinian household size was 4.4 persons, the total fertility rate was 2.8 births per woman, the infant mortality rate was 15.0 per thousand live births and the mortality rate for children below the age of five was 17.0 per thousand live births in the same year.













Source: General Statistics UNRWA Statistics Bulletin-2016(11 May 2017)

Several official estimates on the number of Palestinian refugees on the eve of the 1948 war were released from various sources.  However, United Nations released two estimates: the first referred to the number of Palestinian refugees that amounted to about 726 thousand refugees as based on the estimates of the United Nations in 1949.  And the second that amounted to 957 thousand refugees as based on estimates of 1950.

5.9 million Registered Refugees in UNRWA

UNRWA Records indicated that the number of registered Palestinian refugees in 2016 amounted up to about 5.9 million and these figures represented the minimum number of Palestinian refugees. Palestinian refugees in the West Bank who are registered with UNRWA as in 2016 accounted up to 17.0% of the total refugees registered with UNRWA against 24.5% in Gaza Strip. At the level of the Arab countries, the percentage of Palestinian refugees registered with UNRWA in Jordan, amounted up to 39.1% of the total Palestinian refugees while the percentage of Palestinian refugees registered with UNRWA in Lebanon and Syria reached  8.8%  and 10.6% respectively.


Percentage Distribution of Palestinian Refugees by the Residential Country 2016,
(According to the data of UNRWA on the Palestinian Refugees)


 


 


Source: General Statistics UNRWA Statistics Bulletin -2016 (11 May 2017)


 


 


42% of the total Population in State of Palestine are Refugees


Data refer that the percentage of the population of refugees in State of Palestine in 2016 is estimated at 41.5% of the total Palestinian population living in State of Palestine, and data indicated that 26.2% of the population in the West Bank are refugees, while the percentage of refugees in Gaza Strip is 65.3%.


 


Percentage of Refugees in State of Palestine by Region, 2016


 


Source: Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics 2017. Database of the Labor Force Survey, the fourth quarter 2016. Ramallah -Palestine


 


Palestinian Refugees are Characterized as a Youngsters Community


The percentage of persons aged less than 15 years in State of Palestine reached 39.1%  (as of 39.3% for refugees and 38.9% for non- refugees) in the fourth quarter 2016, while the percentage of elderly aged 60 years and over among refugee reached 4.2% of the total refugees while for  non- refugees reached 4.8%.


 


Palestinian Refugee Women living in State of Palestine are the most Fertility


 


The total fertility rate for the period (2008-2009) in State of Palestine amounted 4.4 births. When compared to those rates by refugee status, it is clear to us that there are light differences in the total fertility rates between refugees and non-refugees,  the total fertility rate among refugee reached 4.4 births while these rates among non-refugee reached 4.3 births.


 


Fertility Rates in State of Palestine by refugee Status (2008 -2009)


 


 


Source: Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, 2017. Palestinian family Survey Database, 2010.   Ramallah –Palestine


 


Participation rate in labor force is low for both refugees and non-refugees


The results of the Labor Force Survey in 2016 showed that the participation rate in labor force among refugees aged 15 years and over whom residing in State of Palestine were 46.1% against 45.5% for non- refugees.



Unemployment rate is high for refugees


Data indicated that there is a clear difference on the level of unemployment rate among refugees and non-refugees, as unemployment rate among refugees reached up to 33.3% compared to 22.3% among non-refugees.


 


One-third of the Refugees are working as Specialists and Technicians


 


In 2016, the profession of "technicians, specialists, assistant, and clerks" considered as the most accommodating profession among refugees and non- refugees in State of Palestine alike as refugees amounted to 33.8% while the non-refugees reached 22.9%. Also, legislators and senior management staff represented the lowest percentage for both of refugees and non-refugees with a variation by 3.0% for refugees and 3.3% for non-refugees.


 


An Increase in Percentages of Educational Attainment among Refugees


 


The percentage of illiteracy among Palestinian refugees in 2016 for individuals aged 15 years and over reached 2.7%, while among non-refugee reached 3.3%. As a percentage of Palestinian refugees aged 15 years and over who obtained a bachelor's degree or higher reached 14.9 % of the total refugees aged 15 years and over against 12.6% for non-refugees.


 


About 65% of the Refugee Households live in an Apartment


Data of 2016 indicated that 43.3% of the households of State of Palestine live in an independent house, the percentage among non-refugee was 50.2% against 34.1% for refugees, and the percentage of household living in an apartment reached 54.4% (46.4% non-refugee against 65.2% for refugee). The percentage of refugee households living in a rented accommodation reached 10.6% of the total refugee households and 72.1% for refugee households are living in owned housing unit.


 


The Situation of Palestinians Refugees in Diaspora:


 


Palestinians refugees in Jordan


The socio-economic conditions of the Jordan's Palestinian camp refugees study 2011, which prepared by FAFO shows that 39.9% of persons in the Palestinian camps refugees in Jordan aged under 15 year old , while the percentage of elderly (65 years and over) was 4.3%, and the average of household size was 5.1 persons.  The data also indicated that the percentage of illiteracy rate among the Palestinian camps refugees in Jordan aged 15 and over was 8.6%.


 


Palestinians refugees in Lebanon


Data available on Palestinians living in Lebanon in 2011 showed that 31.1% of the population were below the age of 15, 6.1% were aged 65 years and over.  The sex ratio was 98.2 males per hundred females in 2011.  Data available for 2011 indicated that the average Palestinian household size was 4.4 persons, the total fertility rate was 2.8 births per woman, the infant mortality rate was 15.0 per thousand live births and the mortality rate for children below the age of five was 17.0 per thousand live births in the same year.


 



Palestinian Population To Pass Jews by 2017 in Israel and Territories

Forward, by Haaretz, Jan 2 2018

The number of Palestinians in Israel and the occupied territories will equal the number of Jews by the end of 2017, according to a report issued by the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statics (PCBS.)

The number of Palestinians worldwide is currently estimated at 12.37 million, with 4.75 million living in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank (1.85 million and 2.9 million respectively,) 1.47 million in Israel, 5.46 million in Arab countries and some 685,000 in non-Arab countries.

The report puts the total number of Palestinians in what it calls “historical Palestine” (Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip) at the end of 2015 at 6.22 million, compared to 6.34 million Jews.

But Palestinian birth rates of 4.1 in the occupied territories (during 2011-2013) and 3.2 in Israel proper (in 2014) – compared to a rate of 3.1 births among Israeli Jewish women – are expected to bring the populations to parity in 2017.

By the end of 2020, the report estimates, Palestinians in the entire territory will number 7.13 million, compared to 6.96 million Jews.

The Palestinian population within Israeli is particularly youthful, according to the report, with some 34.8% aged below the age of 15 years in 2014. Only 4.2% of the Palestinian population in Israel is aged 65 years and over.

The average household size of Palestinians in the occupied territories was 5.2 people in 2014, down from 6.1 in 2000. In Gaza, the size of the average household was 5.7 people, while in the West Bank it was 4.9. The average size of an Israeli household is 3.73 people, according to the Israeli Bureau of Statistics. read more: http://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/1.694819