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Palestine, Transjordan (Jordan), Israel Borders - 1923 - 1993


THE ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT, 1948-2012

The Ottoman Empire, 1914

The French and British
 Mandates for Syria, Palestine
and Mesopotamia after WW1

From: The History of Israel

- A Chronological Presentation

sIX


CREATION OF ISRAEL, PARTITION, INVASION, COUNTERATTACK  1947-8

BBC NEWS - KEY MAPS - 1916 on

  THE 1967 WAR



Palbank

Settleme


   JERUSALEM BEFORE AND AFTER THE 1967 WAR

Gaza


Today



                         WEST BANK (1)

                          WEST BANK (2)

The Peel Commission
Report Boundaries
for the
Division of Palestine
into Arab and Jewish States

1937  

The Red Line shows
Israel’s borders,
Gaza and the Golan Heights

 Israel is a country of 8,359 sq miles.
 The West Bank is 2,262 sq miles, the Golan Heights is 444
sq miles and
Gaza is
100 sq miles.  
The USA is 3,794,083
sq. miles

THE MAP HISTORY OF MODERN ISRAEL


Until the end of WW1 most of the Middle East was part of the Ottoman Empire.  Palestine was then placed under Great Britain by the League of Nations.  Their mandate lasted from 1920-1948.  Part of the area became Transjordan (now Jordan) with the remainder remaining under British control.  After WW2 the UN split the area into two parts, a Jewish state (becoming Israel) and an Arab state.  Accepted by Israel it was not accepted by the Arabs who invaded Israel the day after the British left to eliminate it.. Since then Israel has faced wars and terrorist attacks to eliminate it.  For security it has created the Israel Defence Force with compulsory military service..

The population of Israel has grown with worldwide immigration which includes refugees from concentration camps and Jews expelled by Arab countries.  The refusal to resettle the Arab refugees  by the Arab League left them in UNWRA camps..  Israel  saw this movement  as a population transfer as happened when India was split into India and Pakistan. The Arab League decided that leaving refugees in camps would be a future political counter against Israel.

Maps and events of subsequent wars aimed at destroying Israel are shown below.  Access Israel  for more detail.  

THE

INCREDIBLE

STORY OF THE JEWISH PEOPLE


YOM KIPPUR (1973) WAR

1973 OCTOBER WAR (YOM KIPPUR WAR) -
SYRIAN FRONT
Mid East Maps

In October 1973, Egypt and Syria launched another war against Israel, after the Israeli government headed by Golda Meir rebuffed Egyptian President Anwar Sadat's offers to negotiate a settlement. Less than 200 Israeli tanks were left guarding the Golan heights against far superior numbers. Syrians made serious and at first unopposed inroads in the Golan before being repulsed by Israeli armor and the Israeli air force. Like the Egyptians, the Syrians enjoyed the advantage of surprise, and the fact that Israel did not initially have solutions for the hand-held Sager anti-tank missiles and the radar-guided SAM anti-aircraft missiles.

Map adapted from Benny Morris, Righteous Victims, 2000.

1973 OCTOBER WAR (YOM KIPPUR WAR) -
 SYRIAN FRONT
Mid East Maps (abridged text)

The Egyptians crossed the Suez Canal on October 6, Yom Kippur, the holiest day in the Jewish religious calendar.

The Israelis were caught by surprise  Egyptians poured huge numbers of troops across the canal set up a beachhead. The Israel Bar Lev line, was to hold off the Egyptians as long as possible. The tiny number of soldiers were wiped out . The air-force was initially neutralized because of Egyptian SAM missiles, until Israel could destroy the radar stations controlling them. Initial Israeli attempts to oppose the Egyptians without artillery support were fruitless. Israeli forces rallied and developed a bridgehead on the Egyptian side of the Suez canal,

Map adapted from Benny Morris, Righteous Victims, 2000.

GAZA STRIP


 go to for an explanation of
Areas A, B and C

WEST BANK - AREAS A, B and C

ROCKET RANGE FROM GAZA

WHICH COUNTRIES RECOGNIZE ISRAEL, PALESTINE, OR BOTH


Vox

The Israel-Palestine conflict is a global issue, and as this map shows it's got a global divide. Many countries, shown in green, still do not recognize Israel as a legitimate state. Those countries are typically Muslim-majority (that includes Malaysia and Indonesia, way over in southeast Asia). Meanwhile, the blue countries of the West (plus a few others) do not recognize Palestine as a country. They still have diplomatic relations with Palestine, but in their view it will not achieve the status of a country until the conflict is formally resolved. It is not a coincidence that there has historically been some conflict between the blue and green countries.