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THE

INCREDIBLE

STORY OF THE JEWISH PEOPLE



THIS TOPIC IS DIVIDED INTO TWO PARTS


Part 1  MODERN HISTORY OF ISRAEL

Part 2  JEWISH EXILES FROM ARAB COUNTRIES and

PALESTINIAN REFUGEES


THE MAP HISTORY OF MODERN ISRAEL

 Israel is a country of 8,359 sq miles.
 The West Bank is 2,262 sq miles, the Golan Heights is 444
sq miles and
Gaza is
100 sq miles.  
The USA is 3,794,083
sq. miles


Until the end of WW1 most of the Middle East was part of the Ottoman Empire.  Palestine was then placed under Great Britain by the League of Nations.  Their mandate lasted from 1920-1948.  Part of the area became Transjordan (now Jordan) with the remainder remaining under British control.  After WW2 the UN split the area into two parts, a Jewish state (becoming Israel) and an Arab state.  Accepted by Israel it was not accepted by the Arabs who invaded Israel the day after the British left to eliminate it.. Since then Israel has faced wars and terrorist attacks to eliminate it.  For security it has created the Israel Defence Force with compulsory military service..

The population of Israel has grown with worldwide immigration which includes refugees from concentration camps and Jews expelled by Arab countries.  The refusal to resettle the Arab refugees  by the Arab League left them in UNWRA camps..  Israel  saw this movement  as a population transfer as happened when India was split into India and Pakistan. The Arab League decided that leaving refugees in camps would be a future political counter against Israel.

Maps and events of subsequent wars aimed at destroying Israel are shown below.  

ISRAEL’S BORDERS
REP. RON DESANTIS (R-FL)
NYS of mind   2017  (5.14)


The Ottoman Empire, 1914

The French and British
 Mandates for Syria, Palestine
and Mesopotamia after WW1

From: The History of Israel

- A Chronological Presentation

The Peel Commission
Report Boundaries
for the
Division of Palestine
into Arab and Jewish States

1937  

The Red Line shows
Israel’s borders,
Gaza and the Golan Heights

In 1923 London recognized the existence in Transjordan of a government under Abdullah as emir.  In 1928 it was, recognised as an ’emirate’, or principality. Its formal independence from the UK was in1946 his title upgraded to ‘King’ and name
to the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan.

Palestine, Transjordan (Jordan), Israel Borders - 1923 - 1993


THE ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT, 1948-2012

BBC NEWS - KEY MAPS - 1916 on

sIX


CREATION OF ISRAEL, PARTITION, INVASION, COUNTERATTACK  1947-8

  THE 1967 WAR


Palbank

   JERUSALEM BEFORE AND AFTER THE 1967 WAR

                         WEST BANK (1)

Gaza


Today



                          WEST BANK (2)

YOM KIPPUR (1973) WAR

1973 OCTOBER WAR (YOM KIPPUR WAR) -
SYRIAN FRONT
Mid East Maps

In October 1973, Egypt and Syria launched another war against Israel, after the Israeli government headed by Golda Meir rebuffed Egyptian President Anwar Sadat's offers to negotiate a settlement. Less than 200 Israeli tanks were left guarding the Golan heights against far superior numbers. Syrians made serious and at first unopposed inroads in the Golan before being repulsed by Israeli armor and the Israeli air force. Like the Egyptians, the Syrians enjoyed the advantage of surprise, and the fact that Israel did not initially have solutions for the hand-held Sager anti-tank missiles and the radar-guided SAM anti-aircraft missiles.

Map adapted from Benny Morris, Righteous Victims, 2000.

1973 OCTOBER WAR (YOM KIPPUR WAR) -
 SYRIAN FRONT
Mid East Maps (abridged text)

The Egyptians crossed the Suez Canal on October 6, Yom Kippur, the holiest day in the Jewish religious calendar.

The Israelis were caught by surprise  Egyptians poured huge numbers of troops across the canal set up a beachhead. The Israel Bar Lev line, was to hold off the Egyptians as long as possible. The tiny number of soldiers were wiped out . The air-force was initially neutralized because of Egyptian SAM missiles, until Israel could destroy the radar stations controlling them. Initial Israeli attempts to oppose the Egyptians without artillery support were fruitless. Israeli forces rallied and developed a bridgehead on the Egyptian side of the Suez canal,

Map adapted from Benny Morris, Righteous Victims, 2000.


 go to for an explanation of
Areas A, B and C

WEST BANK - AREAS A, B and C

GAZA STRIP

ROCKET RANGE FROM GAZA

WHICH COUNTRIES RECOGNIZE ISRAEL   (ALSO LISTED BY COUNTRY)

HTTPS://EN.WIKIPEDIA.ORG/WIKI/INTERNATIONAL_RECOGNITION_OF_ISRAEL

WHICH COUNTRIES RECOGNIZE PALESTINE   (ALSO LISTED BY COUNTRY)

HTTPS://EN.WIKIPEDIA.ORG/WIKI/INTERNATIONAL_RECOGNITION_OF_THE_STATE_OF_PALESTINE