MODERN
HISTORY

OF
ISRAEL


SUMMARY

Jewish Exiles
from
Arab
Countries
________

Palestinian\
Refugees

Palestinians
Timeline


Together


Palestine
Name

Palestinian
Human
Rights


VIDEOS
Jews Who Fled from Arab Countries

Jews Who Fled from Arab Countries

Reparations for
Jews who Fled
from Arab Countries

The Other
Jews

Frequently
Asked Questions About Jews Who Fled/Left
Arab Countries


PALESTINIANS
AND THE
ARAB-ISRAEL
CONFLICT

Yemeni-Egyptian
View of
Palestinian
Conflict

The
Palestinians
Say ‘No’

Does Anybody Care About the Palestinians?


Trump
Peace  Proposals


VIDEOS

Palestinian
Refugees

Palestine
Refugee
Statistics

Legal
Situation of
Palestinian Refugees

Arab
Discrimination
Against
the Palestinian
Refugees

Lives of
Palestinian Refugees

Palestinian
Refugees
by
Country
_______

Refugee
Camps

Abbas
and the
Mufti of Jerusalem

Palestinian Refugees

Past, Present
and
Future


VIDEOS
UNWRA
and
UNHRC

UNWRA
and
UNHCR

UNWRA and
the USA

Why
UNWRA
Should be
Abolished

UNWRA
Education


Education
and
Health Care


VIDEOS
Peace
Radicals
Extremists
Martyrs

Extremists.
Radicals and
Martyrs


Palestinian
Groups

VIDEOS
Gaza & Hamas

Gaza

and

Hamas

Gaza Tunnels
and
Blockade

Gaza
The New
Tourist Hotspot

Hamas Covenant
and
History


VIDEOS
Palestinian
Corruption

Palestinian

Corruption

Payments to
Palestinians
in Prisons
and as Martyrs


Why Christians
have Fled from
Arab Countries


Links

CLICK HERE  TO ACCESS  COUNTRIES

T O P I C

I  S  R  A  E  L

Videos -

Maps -

Mogan David
(Flag of Israel)

Statistics  and Information

Jewish History
Videos


Expulsion
of the Jews  
from
Arab Countries,
1948-2012

Palestinians

Christians
Leaving the
Middle East


4000 YEARS OF
JEWISH HISTORY

Jewish
Timelines
and Story


What Was the Holocaust ?

Antisemitism


Who is a Jew?

The Jewish Law

The Hebrew Bible

Interpretation

The Temples

The Synagogues

Jewish Messiah
Ciaimants

Jewish Conversion

Jewish Women
in Judaism

Jewish
Education

Rabbi's
and
Jewish Culture  


Jewish Diaspora

Jewish Festivals

Jewish Languages


Lost Tribes

Jewish-Roman  Wars

Year 1000

Understanding the
Middle Ages

The Inquisition

Jewish Pirates


Why has Christendom
Attacked the Jews?

Catholicism

Islam

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THIS TOPIC IS DIVIDED INTO TWO PARTS


Part 1  MODERN HISTORY OF ISRAEL

Part 2  JEWISH EXILES FROM ARAB COUNTRIES and

PALESTINIAN REFUGEES

FREEDOM IN THE WORLD

Mahmoud Abbas

The Other Side: The Secret Relationship Between Nazism and Zionism

The Tragedy of Mahmoud Abbas

Terra Incognita
Abbas, Fahri
and the
Legacy
of the Mufti

Palestinian Leader Mahmoud Abbas Condemned
Over
Holocaust Comments

THE

INCREDIBLE

STORY OF THE JEWISH PEOPLE



EDITORS NOTE

Israel wants peace and cooperation with other countries.  Peace agreements have been signed with Egypt and Jordan.  They do not exist with other neighbours.  Tragically the area is covered by internal warfare in Syria, Iraq and Yemen and the Arab area is split between the Shia and Sunni Moslems.


This is accompanied by a major advertising battle to give the appearance that Israel is non-democratic and refuses Arab demands for territory and freedom of the Palestinian Arabs.

This page reviews the accuracy of these claims through the analysis carried out by Freedom of the World.  An indication of their findings are shown below.

___________________________________________


































FROM THE ABOVE.  THE MIDDLE EAST, 1918 SHOWS THAT

Only Israel and Tunisia have a ‘Free Freedom Level’

Only Morocco, Kuwait and Lebanon are ‘Partly Free’

14 out of the 19 countries in this area are ‘Not Free’

(Go to Wikipedia to see comparative tables from 2010 - 2018)










FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS


WHAT IS FREEDOM IN THE WORLD?

Freedom in the World is an annual global report on political rights and civil liberties. It has been produced since 1973. The report is composed of numerical ratings and descriptive texts for 195 countries and 14 territories. Countries and territories are assessed by external analysts, primarily using in-country contacts, field research, nongovernmental and government reports, news articles, and other open-source information. The analysts’ conclusions are then vetted by teams of expert advisers. The final product represents the consensus of the analysts, Freedom House staff, and the outside advisers.

WHAT IS THE REPORT’S COVERAGE PERIOD?

Freedom in the World 2018 covers the period from January 1, 2017, through December 31, 2017. Each annual edition of Freedom in the World assesses conditions and events in the previous calendar year. In the past, the coverage period shifted slightly on a few occasions, for example covering the last two months of one calendar year and the first 10 months of the next.

HOW FAR BACK IN TIME DOES FREEDOM IN THE WORLD GO?

The first edition covered the year 1972.

WHERE CAN I VIEW ALL THE PAST YEARS’ RATINGS?

The historical data are available in Excel format on the Freedom in the World landing page.

HOW DOES THE RATING SYSTEM WORK?

Freedom in the World uses a three-tier rating system, consisting of scores, ratings, and statuses. At the score level, a country/territory is awarded 0 to 4 points on each of 25 indicators, for a maximum total of 100 points. These indicators, which take the form of questions, are grouped into the categories of Political Rights and Civil Liberties. A country/territory is assigned a rating (7 to 1) for each of these two categories based on its scores. (Click here for the score ranges associated with each rating level.) The average of a country/territory’s Political Rights and Civil Liberties ratings is called the Freedom Rating, and it is this figure that determines the country/territory’s status of Free (1.0 to 2.5), Partly Free (3.0 to 5.0), or Not Free (5.5 to 7.0).

See the Methodology document for a more complete explanation of this system.

WHAT TOPICS DO THE SCORES COVER?

The following is an overview of the 7 main topics covered by Freedom in the World. More detailed information can be found in the Methodology document.

WHAT IS THE BEST SCORE A COUNTRY OR TERRITORY CAN GET?

The optimal result at the score level—the bottom tier of the rating system—is 100, meaning the country/territory received 4 points on all 25 indicators, for a total of 40 in the Political Rights category and 60 in the Civil Liberties category. These scores would lead to a Freedom Rating of 1.0, and a status of Free.

WHAT IS THE WORST SCORE A COUNTRY/TERRITORY CAN GET?

The worst possible result at the score level is -4. To achieve this, a country/territory would need to receive a 0 for all 25 of the normal indicators, as well as a -4 on an optional indicator that subtracts points from the Political Rights total in cases of “ethnic cleansing” campaigns. Such abysmal scores would lead to a Freedom Rating of 7.0, and a status of Not Free.

WHERE CAN I VIEW ALL THE PAST YEARS’ SCORES?

All publicly available data can be viewed in Excel format on the Freedom in the World landing page. This includes ratings and status designations going back to the 1973 edition, total Political Rights and Civil Liberties scores back to 2004, total subcategory (A through G) scores back to 2007, and all raw scores beginning in 2018.

HOW DO THE ANALYSTS DECIDE ON SCORES?

The analyst grants a country/territory 0 to 4 points on each of the scoring indicators based on the conditions and events within that country/territory during the coverage period. They are guided by the main 25 methodology questions (see Methodology) as well as supplemental questions designed to provide more detail on the types of issues covered under that indicator. The analyst’s proposed scores are discussed and defended at annual review meetings, organized by region and attended by Freedom House staff and a panel of expert advisers. The final scores represent the consensus of the analysts, staff, and advisers, and are intended to be comparable from year to year and across countries and regions.

HOW MANY PEOPLE ARE INVOLVED IN THE ANALYSIS PROCESS?

This year there were more than 100 lead country/territory analysts and more than 30 expert advisers. Freedom House staff provide input, and analysts consult with contacts in the countries under review.

HOW DO YOU GUARD AGAINST POLITICAL BIAS IN THE ANALYSIS PROCESS?

Measuring freedom is an inherently subjective task, and Freedom House minimizes this subjectivity as much as possible through a series of standards and reviews. Freedom House thoroughly vets analysts prior to contracting them in order to reduce political bias or a lack of methodological rigor as much as possible. Once selected, analysts are asked to ground any proposed score changes in the real-world events of the year under review, typically supported through reputable news media or credible nongovernmental organization reports. After analysts submit their proposed scores and draft narrative reports, all submissions are fully reviewed and discussed by fellow analysts, Freedom House staff, and outside experts. Scores are also compared with those of other countries in the region and the world, both that year and across time, to ensure that they are rational and proportional.

WHAT DOES A TREND ARROW MEAN?

Freedom House assigns countries and territories upward or downward trend arrows in order to highlight developments of major significance or concern. These developments may include a positive or negative shift over multiple years, an especially notable change in a single year, or an important event in a country that is particularly influential in its region or the world. Trend arrows are always linked to a specific change or changes in score. However, most score changes do not warrant trend arrows. Trend arrows are determined by Freedom House staff, after consultation with analysts and expert advisers.

WHAT DO YOU MEAN BY “COUNTRIES TO WATCH”?

Freedom House identified 10 countries whose democratic trajectories are ripe for change in 2018, designated “Countries to Watch.” In some cases the momentum is positive; others may be on the cusp of serious democratic declines. The listed countries are highly diverse, and are not intended to be compared against one another.

WHAT QUALIFIES AS AN “ELECTORAL DEMOCRACY”?

An “electoral democracy” designation requires a score of 7 or better in subcategory A (Electoral Process), an overall Political Rights score of 20 or better, and an overall Civil Liberties score of 30 or better. The Civil Liberties threshold was added in the 2018 edition in order to better capture the range of freedoms required for democracy to function fully. This change was made following a thorough methodology review (see Methodology for more information).

IS FREEDOM IN THE WORLD BIASED IN FAVOR OF U.S. OR WESTERN VALUES?

Freedom House believes that all people are entitled to freely choose their own leaders; form competing political parties; have a government free of corruption; obtain information from a free press; worship and study freely; engage in peaceful assembly and association; benefit from the rule of law and legal equality; and make their own choices about travel, economic engagement, and family life. The set of indicators measured by Freedom in the World is derived from the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted by the UN General Assembly in 1948. History has shown that despite prejudiced assertions to the contrary, people of all regions and cultures desire these rights and are capable of exercising them responsibly.

ISN’T ECONOMIC GROWTH MORE IMPORTANT THAN POLITICAL RIGHTS IN POORER COUNTRIES?

Freedom House believes that sustainable economic growth is far more challenging in countries that lack basic freedoms. Free elections provide long-term political stability and allow citizens to peacefully replace ineffective or corrupt leaders. And independent media provide a check on government, verifying official claims of success and exposing abusive practices. There is no valid reason for people in any country or territory to postpone their enjoyment of basic freedoms in exchange for the promise of economic growth.

WHY DOES FREEDOM IN THE WORLD COVER CERTAIN TERRITORIES SEPARATELY AND NOT OTHERS?

Freedom in the World covers certain related and disputed territories separately from independent countries. In the 2018 edition, it covered 14 such territories. Freedom House determines which territories to cover in Freedom in the World based on the following criteria:

Assessment of a territory does not imply an endorsement of any side in a dispute over sovereignty. Freedom House typically takes no position on these disputes as such, focusing instead on the level of political rights and civil liberties in a given geographical area.

DOES A GOVERNMENT’S FOREIGN POLICY AFFECT ITS COUNTRY SCORES?

No. The scores capture conditions on the ground within a given country/territory’s borders, not solely the government’s policies or actions. Thus, if a state carries out air strikes in another country/territory, any effects on the enjoyment of political rights and civil liberties will be felt—and therefore scored—primarily in the second country/territory.

IS IT REALLY POSSIBLE TO MEASURE FREEDOM?

Freedom in the World’s approach entails a comparative examination of concrete examples, holding up country against country and year against year. While this is not an exact science, it is rather clear, for instance, that people in North Korea are less free than people in Finland. It is also clear that Romania was more free in 2005 than it was in 1985. Different settings can thus be arranged along a continuum using fixed criteria, with specific institutions, laws, conditions, and events cited to justify each placement. This is the work of Freedom in the World.


CHAMPIONS FOR FREEDOM - OUR ISSUES

HUMAN

RIGHTS

CIVIL

SOCIETY

FREEDOM
OF

EXPRESSION

INTERNET

FREEDOM

RULE
OF

LAW

ELECTIONS

RELIGIOUS

FREEDOM

LGBTI

RIGHTS

Freedom in the World 2018
To view the full interactive map, visit the Freedom in the World 2018 page by clicking here.

MIDDLE EAST

From Freedom in the World 2018
Go to Methodology to see how scores are arrived at

Select Country Reports to search for country analysis (link on left hand side of page)

Click on Country. on Interactive Map for Score and Freedom Level for country analysis

Go to Table of Country Scores 2018 for scores below

All countries fall into one of three broad classes ‘Free’, ‘Partly Free’, ‘Not Free’



FREEDOM LEVEL OF ISRAEL
COMPARED WITH OTHER COUNTRIES IN THE MIDDLE EAST, 2018

Israel

79/100

FREE

West Bank

28/100

Not

Free

Gaza
Strip
12/100

Not Free

Morocco
39/100
Partly
Free

Algeria
35/100

Not Free

Tunisia

70/100

FREE

Libya

9/100

Not

Free

Egypt
26/100
Not
Free

Syria

1/100

Not

Free


Saudi Arabia 7/00

Not Free


Iraq

31/100

Not Free


Lebanon

43/100

Partly
Free

Yemen

13/100

Not Free

Oman

23/100

Not

Free

Bahrain

12/100

Not Free

United Arab Emirates

17/100

Not Free

Kuwait
36/100

Partly Free


Turkey

32/100

Not Free

Iran

17/100

Not Free


LINK TO PAGE REMOVED FROM INTERNET BECAUSE OF ‘ISRAEL SUMMARY’ ON SITE’