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BABI YAR








WHO WAS RAABBI NACHMAN OF BRATSLAV
Henry Abramson 2015 (51.09)
One of the most creative, unusual, and controversial Hasidic leaders at the turn of the 19th century, He continues to inspire generations of disciples.

UMAN ROSH HASHONA 2014
Daniel Mandel 2014 (4.53)
ukraine, during the great annual hasidic gathering at Rabbi Nachman of breslov/breslev tomb, 09/2014, for the hebrew new year "rosh hashana" 5775  Рош Ха-Шана в Умани


FLEEING EASTERN UKRAINE
EUROPE’S JEWISH EXODUS (2)
Vice News 2016 (9.28)

In the wake of recent terror attacks in Europe — several of which targeted Jewish institutions — some politicians and religious leaders have predicted an exodus of Jewish people from the continent. In some ways, the numbers stack up. Last year, a record 8,000 Jews arrived in Israel from France — with another 15,000 coming from Eastern Europe.

But some critics argue that reports of Jewish flight are overblown; they accuse Israel of taking advantage of fears in Europe to attract new immigrants and serve the interests of the Israeli state. “We are preparing and calling for the absorption of mass immigration from Europe,” said Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, in February 2015. “I would like to tell all European Jews and all Jews wherever they are: Israel is the home of every Jew.”

In part two of a three-part series, VICE News travels to Ukraine to meet some of the many Ukrainian Jews who are leaving their war-ravaged homeland for Israel. We meet residents of a makeshift transit camp and attend an information seminar on the benefits of life in the Middle East, both organized by the
Jewish Agency for Israel.

A FORGOTTEN GENOCIDE
THE POGROMS IN UKRAINE 1918-1919
YIVO Institute for Jewish Research
Elissa Bemporad (Queens College, CUNY) is the 2015-16 NEH Senior Scholar at CJH; also featuring Efim Melamed (Jewish Archival Survey, Ukraine), Jeffrey Veidlinger (University of Michigan), and Eric Weitz (City College
and CUNY Graduate Center).

Co-presented by Center for Jewish History and YIVO Institute for Jewish Research

2016 (1.59.20)
Discussion

The pogroms of the Russian Civil War had a devastating impact on East European Jewry. By focusing on specific instances of anti-Jewish violence in Ukraine, and exploring the Soviet and international response, scholars of Russian Jewry and genocide studies will present new research rethinking
the legacy of the pogroms.

JEWISH LIFE IN LVOV 1939
The Spielberg Jewish Film Library
Hebrew University of Jerusalem
2010 (10.07)

JEWISH LVOV TOUR 2010
dmweinhold  2010 (8.58)

BABYN YAR HELPS EXPLAIN
HOW A HOLOCUST WAS POSSIBLE
(Russian made) 2016 (19.06)

“If we want to understand how a holocaust was possible, it’s Babyn Yar we have to understand;”

✅ Two years after the Babyn Yar massacre, Auschwitz became the main place for killing Jews;

✅ The massacre was a crucial time in the history of the Holocaust.

✅ “It’s the time when the idea of a final solution – that is a vision of a world without Jews becomes the reality, becomes the mechanism, becomes the process, the example of how Jews can actually be killed.”

“If we want to understand how a holocaust was possible, it’s Babyn Yar we have to understand,” says Timothy Snyder, History Professor at Yale University. Babyn Yar is the site of a two-day massacre where 34,000 Kyivan Jews lost their lives on September 28-29, 1941. Two years later, Auschwitz became the main place for killing Jews.

According to the Snyder, the massacre was a crucial time in the history of the Holocaust. After invading the Soviet Union, Germans began killing Ukraine’s Jewish population. Combining their SS with local collaborators, the Germans realized they could “create a moment where tens of thousands can be killed all at once.”

“It’s the time when the idea of a final solution – that is a vision of a world without Jews becomes the reality, becomes the mechanism, becomes the process, the example of how Jews can actually be killed,” he explains.

Hromadske spoke to Timothy Snyder, History Professor at Yale University in September 2016 in Kyiv.

VIDEO OF BABI YAR UKRAINE
JEWISH HOLOCAUST MASSACRE
David Mottershead 2010 (6.50)
In 1941 the largest single massacre of the Holocaust took place at Babi Yar, a ravine in Kiev.

In just 2 days almost 34 thousand Jews were murdered by a team of German SS troops, other German units, and local collaborators.

This video shows scenes from Babi Yar today including:

0:53, 1:12, 2:09, 4:56 -- The park area just north of Dorohozhychi Metro Station
1:04 -- The road near the Menorah Monument to the Jewish victims
2:50 -- The park area near the 1976 monument to Soviet citizens and prisoners of war
3:18 -- The ravine where the actual massacre took place
4:51 -- Monument to children killed at Babi Yar
5:22 - Cross at the Babi Yar in Kiev where two Orthodox Christian priests were murdered by Nazis in November 1941
5:29 -- Menorah Monument to the Jewish victims
5:43 -- Monument to Soviet citizens and prisoners of war

Listen. Remember

THE BABI YAR NIGHTMARE
World Jewish Congress 2016 (2.34)
Babi Yar: one of the largest massacres in Holocaust history. More than 33,000 Ukrainian Jews were murdered over the course of just two days. Only 29 people survived. These are some of their stories.

LISTEN. REMEMBER

BABI YAR EINSATZGRUPPEN SCHEME
(HOLOCAUST 1978)
stylecouncil85 2013 (6.31)

BABI YAR / YEVGENIY YEVTUSHENKO POEM /
ALEX KLURFELD SONG
Alex Klurfeld 2015 (5.37)


From
Jews, God
and History’

History
of the
Jews in Ukraine

World
Jewish Congress



Lviv
Remembers its
Jewish past

Janowska

Labour Camp

Lviv

Kiev
and
Babi Yar


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Hatikvah (התקווה) is a Hebrew word which means Hope. The national anthem of Israel is simply called as The Hope or Hatikvah. It was adopted from a poem that written by a Jewish poet, Naftali Herz Imber. The original poem appeared in 1877.

As long as deep in the heart

The soul of a Jew yearns

And towards the East

An eye looks to Zion

Our hope is not yet lost

The hope of two thousand years

To be a free people in our land

The land of Zion and Jerusalem


The transliteration of anthem of Israel
is as follows:


Kol od balevav pnimah

Nefesh yhudi homiyah

Ulfaatei mizrach kadimah

Ayin ltziyon tzofiyah

Od lo avdah tikvateinu

Hatikvah bat shnot alpayim

Lhiyot am chofshi barzeinu

Eretz tziyon vYerushalayim.

THE

INCREDIBLE

STORY OF THE JEWISH PEOPLE