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WHAT IS
AND
WHAT DOES
ARTIFICIAL
INTELLIGENCE (AI)
DO?


AI
AND  
JUDAISM

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND ITS ETHICS
DW Documentary 2019 (42.26)

Are we facing a golden digital age or will robots soon run the world? We need to establish ethical standards in dealing with artificial intelligence - and to answer the question: What still makes us as human beings unique?

Mankind is still decades away from self-learning machines that are as intelligent as humans. But already today, chatbots, robots, digital assistants and other artificially intelligent entities exist that can emulate certain human abilities. Scientists and AI experts agree that we are in a race against time: we need to establish ethical guidelines before technology catches up with us.  While AI Professor Jürgen Schmidhuber predicts artificial intelligence will be able to control robotic factories in space, the Swedish-American physicist Max Tegmark warns against a totalitarian AI surveillance state, and the philosopher Thomas Metzinger predicts a deadly AI arms race.
But Metzinger also believes that Europe in particular can play a pioneering role on the threshold of this new era:
creating a binding international code of ethics.


EDITORS NOTE

THE IMPORTANCE OF
‘ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND ITS ETHICS’
and ‘AI AND MORALITY’
IS THAT THEY
ARE THE START OF A DISCUSSION

AI IS NEW. WHAT ITS FUTURE WILL HOLD WILL ONLY BE SEEN IN THE FUTURE AND IS DEPENDANT ON HOW WE INFLUENCE IT.

THIS DISCUSSION WILL ALSO DETERMINE
ITS IMPACT ON JUDAISM.


AI TODAY

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE 4:
LORD RABBI JONATHAN SACKS ON MORALITY

6th September 2018
Rabbi Jonathan Sacks speaks to some of the world's leading thinkers about morality, together with voices from the next generation:
groups of British 6th form students.

AI is already fundamentally transforming our world, and in the coming years will have an enormous impact on almost every aspect of our lives. So the ethical questions surrounding its development are urgent and important. Rabbi Sacks argues that we must always be able to choose our fate, in the full dignity of responsibility, never forgetting that machines
were made to serve human beings,
not the other way around.

Contributors:
Mustafa Suleyman, Co-founder and Head of Applied AI at DeepMind;
Nick Bostrom, Philosophy Professor at the University of Oxford;
Students from Queens' School in Hertfordshire.
Producer: Dan Tierney
Series Editor: Christine Morgan.


VIDEOS - ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (AI)TY

CAN WE CREATE NEW SENSES
FOR HUMANS?  

David Eagleman  TED 2015 (20.38)
As humans, we can perceive less than a ten-trillionth of all light waves. “Our experience of reality,” says neuroscientist David Eagleman, “is constrained by our biology.” He wants to change that. His research into our brain processes has led him to create new interfaces to take in previously unseen
information about the world around us.

THE INCREDIBLE INVENTIONS OF INTUITIVE AI Maurice Conti TED 2017 (15.23)
What do you get when you give a design tool a digital nervous system? Computers that improve our ability to think and imagine, and robotic systems that come up with (and build) radical new designs for bridges, cars, drones and much more -- all by themselves. Take a tour of the Augmented Age with futurist Maurice Conti and preview a time when robots and
humans will work side-by-side to
accomplish things either could do alone.

WHAT IS AI?
The Royal Society 2018 (2.31)

Technology with AI at its heart has the power to change the world, but what exactly is Artificial Intelligence?

The Royal Society is a Fellowship of many of the world's most eminent scientists and is the oldest scientific academy in continuous existence. Visit our website to learn more: https://royalsociety.org/

WHAT IS ARTIFICIAL iNTELLIGENCE
IN 5 MINUTES

There is so much discussion and #confusion about #AI nowadays. People talk about #deeplearning
and #computerVision without context.  
In this short video, I give context
on how to think about AI.

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE,
THE HISTORY AND FUTURE

Chris Bishop  The Royal Institution 2017 (1.01.21)
Chris Bishop discusses the progress and opportunities of artificial intelligence research

THESE SELF-AWARE ROBOTS
ARE REDEFINING CONSCIOUSNESS

Seeker 2019  (6.59)

What does it mean for a robot to be self-aware? That's exactly what this robotics lab is investigating as they embark on a quest towards artificial consciousness.

*Please note: The quadruped robot is still a work in progress with results to come in the near future.

»Subscribe to Seeker! http://bit.ly/subscribeseeker

»Watch more Focal Point | https://bit.ly/35Cy3Fo  

Read More:

The Creative Machines Lab at Columbia University https://www.creativemachineslab.com/

“At the Creative Machines Lab we build robots that do what you’d least expect robots to do: Self replicate, self-reflect, ask questions, and even be creative. We develop machines that can
design and make other machines - automatically.”

The Challenge of Determining Whether an A.I.
Is Sentient
https://slate.com/technology/2016/04/...

“It is not easy to determine when an organism is sentient, however. A brief recount of past and present controversies and mistakes makes it clear that human beings are not great
at recognizing sentience.”

What would it mean for AI to have a soul?
https://www.bbc.com/future/article/20...

“Artificial intelligences (AI) like Siri are less situated than humans to answer questions about religion and spirituality. Existential angst, ethical inquiries, theological considerations: these belong exclusively to the domain of Homo Sapiens. Or so we assume.”

____________________

Imagine living in a world where Westworld or I, Robot was our reality—how long do we have until
science fiction becomes real?
With continuously advancing artificial intelligence,
are conscious robots on the horizon?

Researchers have been making huge advances in robotics for decades, but engineers investigating these philosophical questions has not always been
a widely supported endeavor.

Experts from the likes of Stephen Hawking to Elon Musk have warned about the dangers of advancing AI, cautioning against a future where artificial intelligence outsmarts us and progresses to a point beyond human control.

Inside his Creative Machines Lab at Columbia University, Hod Lipson and his students are taking the first steps toward sentient machines.

Hod’s lab is taking a unique approach. Instead of trying to understand and replicate something as complicated as human consciousness, they’re looking into something a little simpler: the ability to imagine yourself–or self-simulate.  

Learn more about the future of self-aware robots and the complexities of creating sentient machines on this episode of Focal Point.

____________________

Our scientific understanding of the universe is advancing at an unprecedented rate. Join Focal Point as we meet the people building tomorrow’s world. Witness the astonishing discoveries that will propel humanity forward and zero-in on the places where science-fiction becomes science-reality.

Seeker empowers the curious to understand the science shaping our world. We tell award-winning stories about the natural forces and groundbreaking innovations that impact our lives, our planet, and our universe.

Visit the Seeker website https://www.seeker.com

Seeker on Facebook https://www.facebook.com/SeekerMedia/

Focal Point on Facebook https://www.facebook.com/FocalPointShow/

Seeker on Twitter http://twitter.com/seeker

HOW ALAN TURING LAID THE FOUNDATIONS FOR AI:
THE TURING TEST EXPLAINED

Google Arts & Culture 2019 (3.34)
Can machines think? As artificial intelligence technology grows ever more useful and commonplace, it's a question that has computer scientists
scratching their heads.

But it was first asked more than half a century ago - by the "father of modern computing and artificial intelligence", Alan Turing.

Get with the program and discover the moving story of Turing's life, his many legacies to computer science and society, and find out how his work is still central to modern artificial intelligence and computing.

Delve deeper into our relationship with artificial intelligence in AI: More than Human, in collaboration with the Barbican Centre at
https://g.co/aibarbican

THE TURING TEST:
CAN A COMPUTER PASS FOR A HUMAN?
-
Alex Gendler TED-Ed 2016 (4.42)
What is consciousness? Can an artificial machine really think? For many, these have been vital considerations for the future of artificial intelligence. But British computer scientist Alan Turing decided to disregard all these questions in favor of a much simpler one: Can a computer talk like a human? Alex Gendler describes the Turing test and details some of its surprising results.
View full lesson:
http://ed.ted.com/lessons/the-turing-...

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE & ALGORITHMS:
PROS & CONS

DW Documentary 2019 (42.25)
Developments in artificial intelligence (AI) are leading to fundamental changes in the way we live. Algorithms can already detect Parkinson's disease and cancer, and control both cars and aircraft. How will AI change
our society in the future?

This documentary journeys to the hot spots of AI research in Europe, the USA and China, and looks at the revolutionary developments which are currently taking place. The rapid growth of AI offers many opportunities, but also many dangers. AI can be used to create sound and video recordings which will make it more and more difficult to distinguish between fact and fiction. It will make the world of work more efficient and many professions superfluous. Algorithms can decide whether to grant loans, who is an insurance risk, and how good employees are. But there is a huge problem: humans can no longer comprehend how algorithms arrive at their decisions. And another big problem is AI’s capacity for widespread surveillance. The Chinese city of Rongcheng is already using an AI-supported 'social credit system' to monitor and assess its citizens. Does AI pose a danger to our personal freedoms or democracy? Which decisions can we leave
to the algorithms - and which do we want to?
And what are AI’s social implications?


HOW WILL ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
AFFECT YOUR LIFE?

Jeff Dean | TED Talks  2017 (15.55)
In the last five years, significant advances were made in the fields of computer vision, speech recognition, and language understanding.  In this talk, Jeff Dean discusses why and how these advances have come about, what the implications are for areas as diverse as robotics, healthcare, human creativity and computer hardware design, and why these possibilities are so exciting.

Jeff Dean is a  Senior Fellow in Google’s  Research Group, where he leads the Google Brain project. His areas of interest include large-scale distributed systems, performance monitoring, compression techniques, information retrieval, application of machine learning to search and other related problems, microprocessor architecture, compiler optimizations, and development of new products that organize existing information in new and interesting ways.

This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx

ROBOTS : TOP 10
MOST AMAZING ADVANCED ROBOTS THAT WILL CHANGE YOUR WORLD

enrigue8 2018 (21.39)
You will see that robots are really advanced smart and are not far to be as smart as humans.
Science fiction is becoming reality.
The day were robots will outsmart humans is not that far. It will be incredible. Robots already have been highly involved in our manufacturing settings but every year the robot advancements have been evolving quickly. Humanoid robots made a lot of progress these recents years. Some of these humanoid robots will work in the tertiary sector and other will be war robots . Some military robots are terrifying.
We are not that far from a terminator scenario.
These robots are reshaping the world. They are autonomous and smart enough to do some basics stuff.
Here is the most advanced robots in the world
and you did not knew they existed .
It's incredible that they already exist .

GOOGLE'S DEEPMIND EXPLAINED
SELF LEARNING A.I.

ColdFusion 2016 (13.44)

Editors Note: ‘Go’ is the most difficult game in the world.  This video explains how an AI machine
defeated the World Champion)

.WHAT IS QUANTUM COMPUTING? -
BBC Click 2017 (24.30)
Click investigates the weird world of quantum computing, Spencer meets arts legend Marina Abramovic and Dan reviews the leading 360 cameras.

QUANTUM SUPREMACY & AI,
Stephen Fry. Pindex 2019 (12.12)
How Quantum AI could help you live to 200, like a bowhead whale.

Google's quantum supremacy news opens exciting doors. A quantum computer completed a task in 200 seconds that would take 10,000 years
on today's fastest supercomputer.
We explore the special connection between quantum computers and AI. Together, they will change everything.

For an extended version, touching on Elon Musk's neural lace, visit https://patreon.com/pindex
where you can support us and enjoy exclusive videos.


AI AND NEW TECHNOLOGIES

THE RACE
TO HARNESS QUANTUM COMPUTING AND A.I
(THE SINGULARITY)
Energy,Frequency,Vibrations 2019 (41.57)
Quantum Computing will be a "Game changer" once it is perfected, The worlds leading Super Powers are trying to Be the first to harness this advanced technology, U.S, Russia, China, the problem will only occur after this technology becomes misused to help the desires of people who don't see society as a whole, rather they will use this computing power for their own interest, The world will advance at a rapid pace once we are able to Harness [Qbits] to solve the world's problems of today
while simulating future events,
the singularity is not that far away from "Reality".

WHAT WILL THE FUTURE OF 5G BRING? -
BBC Click 2018 (24.28)
5G is coming. The next generation of wireless technology will give us self-driving cars, smart cities and could even teach you to score a goal like Messi.

WHAT IS 5G? | CNBC EXPLAINS
CNBC International 2018 (5.13)


INSIDE HUAWEI AND 5G -
BBC Click 6.38 (20190

WHAT IS 5G AND WHAT CAN IT DO? |
Karan Chahal | TEDxDesignTechHighSchool
2019 (10.23)

INTERNET OF EVERYTHING
Tyler Back
TEDxDayton 2017 (11.09)
The Internet of Things is changing the way we live our everyday lives. The internet-powered world we live in is rapidly evolving, adding complication to our lives, thus making the need to simplify even stronger. This talk presents a new concept around the Internet of Everything; addressing the app ecosystem and living in a connected world where we need to find ways to simplify and enhance the human experience.



INTERNET OF EVERYTHING (IOE)
Dipesh Vaya 2019 (14.05)



INTERNET OF THINGS -
BEYOND OUR CURRENT IMAGINATION

Ashkan Fardost, TEDxÖstersund, 2015 (16.57)

Ashkan talks about internet of things,
what we can expect in the future
and how far the development has come.


JUDAISM and  AI
We are in the early stages of AI
These videos are important to start us talking about the changes that will come to Judaism.


The discussion videos below are from Rabbi Nathan.  
He says
Although I am an ordained rabbi, I am not a posek (Jewish legal scholar), and this video is not intended to serve as a halakhic ruling. However, I do seek to include relevant opinions and rulings from across the Jewish spectrum. If you believe that I have missed something important, please leave a comment. If you are seeking advice on a real life situation, please consult your own rabbi.

(The series only has the videos below.  
YOU WILL HAVE YOUR OWN QUESTIONS TO ADD)

CAN A ROBOT CONVERT TO JUDAISM?
Jewish FutureLaw
Rabbi Nathan 2017 (10.38)
What would it take for a robot to convert to Judaism? How advanced is artificial intelligence? Jewish FutureLaw is a series that explores the ethics of emerging technologies
in a Jewish context.

CAN WE MAKE KOSHER BACON? -
Jewish Futurelaw
Rabbi Nathan 2017 (10.38)
Can we one day make kosher bacon? New technologies make new frontiers possible. The future of food systems could be radically different from anything that we have seen before.

GENETIC DESIGNER BABIES
Jewish FutureLaw
Rabbi Nathan
Should you genetically engineer your baby?
What are the ethical implications of creating "designer babies," and is it permitted under Jewish Law?

WHEN
DO YOU LIGHT SHABBAT CANDLES
ON MARS?

Jewish FutureLaw
Rabbi Nathan
Space travel is expected to become more commonplace over the coming years, with multiple plans for a human colony
on Mars already underway.
How will that effect Jewish practice?

ROBOT WRITES JEWISH TORAH SCROLL
Associated Press 2014 (0.55)

(Go to AI and Judaism for more information)

An exhibition featuring a robot writing Torah scrolls is on show at the Jewish museum in Berlin. Over the next six months the robot will
work 10 hours a day to produce two scrolls,
each 80 meters long,
with the religious Jewish writings.


JUDAISM and AI

THE FUTURE OF JEWISH LAW
Jewish Futurelaw
Rabbi Nathan 2017 (10.38)
What is the future of Jewish Law? I ask the big questions about technology and ethics
in an upcoming video series.

GENETIC ENGINEERING, JEWISH LAW,
AND THE REMAKING OF LIFE

The Jewish Theological Seminary 2018 (1.02.32)

An exploration of genetic engineering through the lens of Jewish law and values. Under what circumstances should the DNA modification of new and already living plants, animals,
and humans be permitted?


This webinar was part of the Day of Halakhic Study (sponsored by the Rabbinical Assembly's Committee on Jewish Law and Standards), a movement-wide event during which Conservative/Masorti congregations, communities, and schools come together to study Rabbi Nevins's responsum "Halakhic Perspectives on Genetically Modified Organisms."

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AI ETHICS AND MORALITY