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4000 YEARS OF
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PART

Summary

Pardons
by the
Portuguese Government

Terminology


Early History

1492
Admission of Jews Expelled
From Spain


Forced  Baptism
of Jews to Christianity


Proposed Marrige
to  
Spanish Heiress


The
Lisbon Massacre
of 1506

Hiding
from the

Inquisition

Unification
of Portugal and Spain
1580-1640


Marranos
in Europe


The Myth of Marrano Names

The Marquis
of Pombal

First
Communities
in Portugal
Since
the 19th Century


Portugal and the Fascists

 Salazar


Captain
Barros Basto


Portugal
and the Nazis


Portugal Today

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EARLY JEWISH PORTUGUESE HISTORY

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The Jews of Portugal pre-date the founding of the nation in 1143. When Afonso conquered Lisbon from the Moors in 1147, there already existed thriving Jewish communities in Iberia (Sepharad), perhaps dating as far back as the time of King Solomon. Alfonso welcomed his Jewish subjects and appointed Yahia ben Yahi, the chief rabbi of Santarem, as his treasurer, tax collector, and chief rabbi of the newly formed nation state, Portugal.

Throughout most of the Middle Ages, Portuguese Jews (Sephardim) enjoyed unparalleled freedom, wealth and power. They occupied key positions in government, academia, and commerce, and especially the professions of medicine, science and law. Even when Hebrew was later prohibited, doctors could continue to possess Hebrew books. Places of worship and schools flourished. Jews established the first printing presses in Portugal at Faro, Lisbon and Leiria. The first eleven books printed in Portugal were in Hebrew. The nautical charts of Abraham Zacuto guided Vasco da Gama to India.

THE

INCREDIBLE

STORY OF THE JEWISH PEOPLE