CLICK HERE  TO ACCESS  COUNTRIES

T O P I C

Who is a Jew?

Ethnic Jewish Groups

Marranos

How Are Crypto Jews Different?

Jewish Diaspora

Jewish Festivals

Jewish Languages

Jewish Temples


4000 YEARS OF
JEWISH HISTORY


Jewish-Roman  Wars

Lost Tribes

Year 1000

Understanding the
Middle Ages

The Inquisition

Jewish Pirates


The Jewish Law

The Hebrew Bible

Interpretation

Jewish Conversion

Rashi, Maimonides,
Joseph Caro,
Moses Isserles


What Was the Holocaust ?

Antisemitism


Why has Christendom
Attacked the Jews?

Catholicism

Islam


Expulsion of the Jews  
from Arab Countries, 1948-2012


ISRAEL

Videos -

Maps -

Mogan David
(Flag of Israel)

Statistics  and Information

Jewish History
Videos

Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share via e-mail Print

VIDEOS

MAPS  & TOWNS

VIDEOS


MAPS

& TOWNS

CLICK BUTTON TO GO TO
PART

Summary

Pardons by the Portuguese Government

Terminology


Early History

1492 Admission of Jews Expelled From Spain


Forced  Baptism of Jews to Christianity


Proposed Marrige To  Spanish Heiress

The Lisbon Massacre of 1506

Hiding from the

Inquisition

Unification of Portugal and Spain
1580-1640


Marranos in Europe


The Myth of Marrano Names

The Marquis of Pombal

First Communities in Portugal Since the 19th Century

Portugal and the Fascists

 
Salazar


Captain Barros Basto


Portugal and the Nazis


Portugal Today

Links

Your Feedback Please to the

jewishwikipedia.info Guestbook

Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share via e-mail Print


JEWS - PORTUGAL -TERMINOLOGY

__________________________________

TERMINOLOGY  (see also  GLOSSARY)
From  ‘The Nutshell History of the Marranos of Portugal’ by Manuel Azevedo   

–--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------New Christian (Catalan: cristiá nou; Spanish: cristiano nuevo; Galician: cristián novo; Portuguese: cristão-novo) was a term used to refer to Iberian Jews and Muslims who converted to Roman Catholicism, and their known baptized descendants. The term was introduced by the Old Christians of Iberia who wanted to distinguish themselves from the conversos (converts). Marranos was once a pejorative term applied to Jews who were forcibly baptized in Spain in 1391 and in Portugal in 1497. Its acceptance in Portugal, was  its growing meaning as a badge of identity and resistance to the demonic unHoly Office of the Inquisition (which still exists!) It origin is to the Aramaic-Hebrew Mar Anus (‘forced one’)  of its association with the forced baptism of 1497 and the Inquisition.  Some think it is also linked to the Spanish ‘swine’ though this translation is no longer used.  Anussim. (‘forced one’) has the same meaning as Marrano and is preferred by some as it is a legal category of Jews in halakha (Jewish law) who were forced to abandon Judaism against their will, typically while forcibly converted to another religion and has no perjorative origin.  Christianity used the terms Converso (convert) and New Christian to distinguish them from the ‘Old Christian’.

THE

INCREDIBLE

STORY OF THE JEWISH PEOPLE