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OVERVIEW

PAPAL APOLOGY


WHY IT IS IMPORTANT TO UNDERSTAND THE INQUISITION

WHAT IS THE INQUISITION?

SHADOW OF THE INQUISITION

The Spanish and Portuguese Empires on the American Continent

Spanish and Portuguese Immigration Policy - New Christians

Clandestine Jewish Communal Life
Marrano Camouflage Methods

Where the Term ‘Sephardim’
Comes From

Festivals and Customs in the Shadow of the Inquisition

Disintegration of Jewish Communities

 THE MEDIEVAL, SPANISH, PORTUGUESE AND ROMAN INQUISITIONS

The Inquisitions Lasted for Almpst 600 Years

The Medieval, Spanish, Portuguese, Goa
 and Roman  Inquisition’s

An Economic Analysis of the Spanish Inquisition’s Motivations and Consequences

 inquisitions
in the Americas

CHARGES
  BROUGHT BY THE
 INQUISITION

 

HOW  WAS THE INQUISITION   ORGANISED?

Going to a New Community

Accusation

Detention

The Trial

ENFORCOMG A SENTENCE

Proclamations

Procession and Ceremony

Punishments

Executuion of Sentence

Where Held

INSTITUTIONAL STRUCTURE AND PROCEDURE

AUTOS DE LA FE (Spanish),
AUTO DA FE (Portuguese)


FINANCING THE INQUISITION

EDGARDO MORTARO,
THE LAST ARREST
 OF THE
 INQUISITION


THE INQUISITION AND THE
ECONOMIC LIFE
OF EUROPE


 WHY  DID  THE

INQUISITION
DECLINE?


JUSTIFICATION OF THE INQUISITION BY THE
CATHOLIC CHURCH


THE INQUISITION ARCHIVES

JEWISH FAITH AND TRADITION AFTER THE INQUISITION

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IMPACT OF THE INQUISITION ON THE ECONOMIC LIFE
 OF EUROPE  

_________________________________________________________________


One factor often ignored is the devastating impact which the Inquisition had on the basic economic life of Europe. The tragedy of seizing vast amounts of property is the most obvious but perhaps not even the worst part. Some occupations became suspect, such as map-making which was essential to navigation and trading.

Inquisitors regarded the printed word as a vehicle for heresy and so they seriously hampered communication. In addition, when a person was accused of heresy by the Inquisition, all of their debts became null and void. Because no merchant could be certain of the religious orthodoxy and reliability of another, it became difficult to trust others enough to allow them to go into debt to you. See Journeymen-Printers, Heresy, and the Inquisition in Sixteenth-Century Spain by Clive Griffin

The   effect upon how people lived their lives was clear to all people - the Inquisition was not a secret affair by any means. In the 1490’s Juan de Mariana reported that people "...were deprived of the liberty to hear and talk freely, since in all cities, towns and villages there were persons placed to give information of what went on." Some people regard this time period as the "Spanish Inquisition" and claim that it existed more under the secular authority of King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella rather than the authority of the church.

But in fact, the Spanish Inquisition's most influential leader was the Dominican Monk Tomas de Torquemada, appointed Inquisitor General by Pope Sixtus IV and not a secular ruler. The reason that the leaders of the Spanish Inquisition persecuted the Jews and eventually called for their expulsion was the fear that they would contaminate Christians.

The Inquisition was not merely an expression of religious authority nor was it solely an instrument of social and political control....it was an arena where social and political cultures met and clashed on both shores of the Atlantic..... Persecuted groups whether Christianized Jews in Spain or native folk healers in the New World, were able to survive the Inquisition by strategies as diverse as preserving their experiences through literature and answering the need for medical care.

IMPACT AND LASTING SIGNIFICANCE OF THE INQUISITION
From Encyclopedia.com

Because of the Inquisition's role in censorship, many have accused the institution of curbing scientific inquiry, dampening literary creativity, and even hindering economic growth. Historians now reject these charges. A few cases achieved notoriety in their day and continue to define the image of the Inquisition in the public's mind. Most infamous is the case of Galileo Galilei (1564–1642), who was summoned before the Roman Inquisition in 1632 to account for his public defense of the Copernican system, earlier deemed heretical by the church. He was condemned to perpetual house arrest and silence on the issue. For many, this trial epitomizes the conflict between scientific reason and free speech on the one hand, and religious fanaticism on the other. The philosopher Giordano Bruno (1548–1600) was not so lucky as Galileo; he was burned at the stake for his radical ideas about revealed religion and the possibility of an infinite universe with multiple worlds. In Spain, fear of religious experimentation led the inquisitors to target some of the leading mystics of the sixteenth century—St. Theresa of Jesus, St. John of the Cross, and Luis de León—although none was executed. Such cases, added to the Inquisition's role in censorship, the stream of Protestant propaganda directed against the papacy, and the Enlightenment's championship of basic freedoms, combined to create a lasting image of an arbitrarily cruel and inhumane institution. In the last twenty-five years, however, new scholarship has done much to mitigate the fearsome image of the Inquisition and to place the institution in its proper historical context. (Editors Note:  No references are given as to what this research is.  The last 40 years have seen the development of a revisionist school of Inquisition history, a controversial field of history whose purported aim is to re-examine the traditional history of the Inquisition.

The two most significant and extensively cited sources of the modern analysis concerning the conflicting narratives over the inquisitorial proceedings are ‘Inquisition’ (1988) by Edward Peters and ‘The Spanish Inquisition: A Historical Revision’ (1997) by Henry Kamen. These works focus on what their authors consider the exposure and the correction of histories that surround the inquisitions today.  The alternative is ‘The Grand Inquisitor’s Manual, A History of Terror in the Name of God’ by Jonathan Kirsch, 2008 and ‘ The Origins of the Inquisition in Fifteenth Century Spain’ (1995/2002) by Benzion Netanyahu. It challenges the view that most conversos were actually practicing Judaism in secret and were persecuted for their crypto-Judaism. Rather, according to Netanyahu, the persecution was fundamentally racial, and was a matter of envy of their success in Spanish society.)

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