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Wikipedia has summarised Islamic terrorism as comprising terrorist acts by groups or individuals who use Islamic and Islamist motivations or goals for their actions. Islamic terrorists have relied on interpretations of the tenets of the Quran and the Hadith. Such groups have cited Quranic verses and Hadith to justify violence and killing. Recently, there have been incidents on a global scale, where certain hardline Islamic groups have started advocating beheading and enslaving in the name of religion and caliphate against other sects of Muslims and non-Muslims (kuffar). This has been met with armed resistance from these oppressed Muslim groups and moderate Muslims have taken a strong stance against such ideology.  Go to article for more detail


UPROOTING OF JEWS FROM ARAB COUNTRIES, AN ANSWER TO MODERN ANTISEMITISM
To be able to reach a peaceful solution, the forced migration of Jews from Arab countries must be acknowledged as one of the tragedies of this long and painful conflict.
The Jerusalem Post, Ada Aharoni, April 24 2018


One of the major recognized causes of the current wave of antisemitism in Europe and other places is Palestinian propaganda. This sweeping brainwashing effort has succeeded in producing an anti-Jewish climate in many parts of the world. One of the ways to combat this basic source of lies is to reveal the truth about the banishment of the Jews from Arab countries. The world has mainly heard about the injustice experienced by Palestinian refugees, and almost nothing about the plight of the Jews from Arab countries, mainly Iraq, Egypt, Syria, Lebanon and Yemen. Let us compare the uprooting of the Palestinians with the uprooting of the Jews.

Whereas the Palestinians refugees numbered 650,000 in 1948, the Jewish refugees from Arab countries numbered 850,000 (UNRWA statistics). The Jewish property, both private and communal, sequestered by Arab governments when the Jews were forced to leave was much vaster than that left behind by the Palestinians in Israel (documented by the International Court at The Hague).

There was practically an ethnic cleansing of Jews in Arab countries. Very few Jews are left in these countries today. Egyptian Jewry, for instance, numbered 100,000 in 1948, but there are only 28 Jews in the whole of Egypt today, and only 22 Jews remain in the whole of Iraq of the 1948 population of 160,000. In Syria and Lebanon there are no Jews left.

On the other hand, there was no ethnic cleansing of Palestinians in Israel; there are a million Arab/Palestinian citizens living in Israel today, constituting 20% of Israel’s citizens.

It is important to spread these crucial historical facts as widely as possible, as they contradict the evil and distorted image presented by anti-Israel propaganda. In addition to the possible turning of public opinion in Europe and other places, telling the story of the banishment and uprooting of the Jews from Arab countries has additional potential advantages.

The realization that they are not the only ones who have suffered, and that the Jews from Arab countries have suffered just as much as the Palestinians when they were thrown out of the lands of their birth with only their shirts on their backs and were made so miserably destitute at the hands of Arabs, may cause Palestinians to become more conciliatory and less intransigent regarding peace with Israel.

Second, seeing that their history, narrative and cultural heritage is taken into account as a crucial and integral part of the Arab-Israeli conflict may make the Jews from Arab countries and their descendants – who today constitute almost half of Israel’s Jewish population – more inclined to make concessions for the sake of peace.

The neglect of their story and narrative makes some Jews from Arab countries intransigent regarding any reconciliation that does not include their own history. Yet, these uprooted Jews could become major contributors to reconciliation because they understand Middle East culture and mentality, the Arabic language, and the rituals of reconciliation.

The “Nakba” (catastrophe) of Jews from Arab countries, the cruel displacement of 850,000 Jews who were born and grew up in their ancient communities in Arab lands, and the hardships and misery accompanying their forced migration and emigration to Israel or other Western countries, and the loss of all their assets and property constitute an aspect of the Arab-Israeli conflict which should be thoroughly researched by serious academics.

As almost half of the Jewish citizens of Israel (together with their descendants) are from Arab countries, any peace effort must acknowledge this crucial facet of the history of the conflict. To be able to reach a peaceful solution, the forced migration of Jews from Arab countries must be acknowledged as one of the tragedies of this long and painful conflict. It would also constitute a strong barrage against the dangerous antisemitic “tsunami” flooding us today.

The author is a researcher and a cultural sociologist. Her research at the Neaman Institute at the Technion in Haifa: Israel Institute of Technology (Funded by the Boren Foundation) has focused on the uprooting of Jews from Arab countries in the mid-twentieth century. She has published 33 books to date, and more than 120 articles. She founded the International Forum for the Culture of Peace, IFLAC. She was born and raised in Cairo, Egypt and now lives in Haifa.


AS ARAB LEADERS WARM TOWARD ISRAEL AND JEWS, ARE ARAB PUBLICS FOLLOWING?

To some degree, yes—but Arabs advocating a “peace between peoples” continue to face a high barrier, and need help.
Mosaic,Joseph Braude, Feb 8 2019

In the Arab Middle East, known, deservedly, as a global hub and disseminator of anti-Semitism, something is astir of immense interest and importance.

First, the bad news—which is hardly news at all. Even as some Arab leaders are visibly warming toward Israel and Jews, the widespread culture of rejectionism and anti-Semitism persists at key levels of their societies. Ingrained over generations through Arab media, schools, and mosques, and more recently reinforced by Iranian and jihadist propaganda, it permeates Arab establishments and much popular sentiment alike.

As Israel’s “cold peace” with Egypt and Jordan has abundantly shown, official treaties do not, on their own, ameliorate this culture of animosity. And though a settlement to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict could substantially mitigate the problem, prospects of achieving such a settlement are themselves obstructed by it. From North Africa to the Gulf, opposition to an accommodation with the Jewish state amounts to a check on any rulers inclined toward signing a treaty.

But then there’s the new news: across the region, seeds of an effort to challenge Arab rejectionism and anti-Semitism have unmistakably been sprouting. Beyond official circles, a growing number of Arabs not only view Israel and Jews in a positive light but espouse, openly, a “peace between peoples.” For their part, Israelis and some Jewish activists in the West have developed means of engaging in Arab public discussions, breaching historical barriers to such communication and holding out the promise of forward movement.

Between the spread of positive Arab sentiment and a modest opening for its public expression in Arab media lies the potential for a more coordinated effort to complement and reinforce the warming taking place at the topmost level of international diplomacy. This is an opportunity begging to be seized.

Consider the Israeli foreign ministry’s Arabic Facebook page, “Israel Speaks Arabic” (Israil Tatakallam al-‘Arabiya): a daily diet of infographic and video posts by a small Israeli digital-outreach team that has attracted 1.7 million followers in the Arab world.

In one clip on the page, a young woman speaks earnestly in Israeli-accented Arabic as she leads a tour of Jerusalem’s Maḥaneh Yehudah market, the open-air space where she does her grocery shopping. Another features the story of the Egyptian Muslim doctor Mohammad Hilmi, honored posthumously at Yad Vashem’s Avenue of the Righteous Among the Nations for risking his life to save a Jewish teen in Nazi Germany. In numerous clips, Israeli Jewish refugees from Arab lands, who together with their offspring constitute a majority of Israel’s Jewish population, recall their bittersweet childhoods and send out wishes for peace.

As for the responses, an internal study of the page’s Arabic-speaking audience finds a third of all 2,700 daily comments to be “positive.” (Seventeen percent are “neutral.”) Among the positive comments are calls for an Israeli embassy in most Arab capitals, tens of thousands of requests for tourist visas to Israel, expressions of regret over the flight from Arab countries of nearly all of their 900,000 indigenous Jews, and, amid ongoing violence between Israel and Hamas, statements of solidarity with the IDF.


Nor are these Facebook responses an isolated phenomenon. To the contrary, they comport with a flurry of polling data reflecting a similar outlook. Consider a 2017 survey of citizens in Kuwait. Despite the fact that anti-Semitic incitement remains a mainstay of Kuwaiti domestic media, fully 60 percent of respondents agree that “Arab states should play a new role in Palestinian-Israeli peace talks, offering both sides incentives to take more moderate positions.” Of these, 16 percent believe that the region should not wait for a Palestinian settlement before launching civil cooperation with Israel.


 


What sparked the positive change? One indirect element is the impact of new media campaigns conducted by Sunni autocrats against Iran and its Arab proxies, Hizballah prominent among them. These suck airtime and column inches away from traditional broadsides against Israel, implicitly supporting an alternative view of Israel as at least a lesser enemy and possibly a provisional ally.


But this on its own does not explain the notably pro-Israel sentiments of many Iraqi Shiites, some of the most voluble of whom are even clerics, or the grassroots calls for rapprochement from war-torn Libya and democratic Tunisia, where, significantly, no ruler monopolizes the domestic informational environment. Indeed, the sheer globalization of that environment has in and of itself given many millions of Arabs an increased awareness and appreciation of Israeli technological capacities, not to mention the attractions of Israeli and American media content from Gal Gadot in Wonder Woman to reruns of Seinfeld.


Some Arab observers offer a more basic explanation: namely, that the trend isn’t new at all but rather the delayed expression of a real but long-suppressed sentiment. “Let’s be honest,” wrote Muna Abd al-Aziz, a professor of media studies at Cairo University, in an October 2018 opinion piece for the Arab Telegraph:


In every newsroom, drama guild, and writers’ salon, there have always been voices more curious about [Israel’s] shades of gray, more skeptical of the wisdom of the “boycott,” and more open to direct engagement. They know that when the Jews of Arab lands fled to Israel, we lost a piece of our collective soul. And they know that if we can somehow reclaim that connection—accepting our Jewish brethren for who they are, where they live, and what they believe—then we can gain something vital for our future. Arabic media professionals who harbor these views never vanished from the landscape. But to our detriment, they rarely made themselves heard.


Interviewing media figures in nine Arab countries for a new book, I found evidence in most cases of a similarly-minded disposition. Attitudes favoring relations with Israel are now manifest in some establishment outlets themselves, transmitted via opinion pieces, fair-minded interviews with Israeli officials, and reports on indigenous Jewish history.


 


But let’s be frank: comparatively speaking, and in the overall scheme of things, the open expression of such attitudes is still rare. And the opponents of those attitudes, who tend to remain at the helm, have been known to punish the authors. The trend has proved especially irksome for those still sworn to Israel’s destruction.


“‘Normalization with Israel,’” fumes Muhammad al-Laythi in the Egyptian daily al-Watan, “is a term that has lost its meaning lately for a young generation, some of whom seem not to know the bloody history of that occupation state.” Laythi singles out for special censure Egyptian students of Hebrew who, “on the pretext of practicing the language,” have been using social media to engage Israelis personally. Similarly, the journalist Ahmed Hidji, writing in Al-Monitor, quotes three Egyptian professors noting with severe disapproval that many of their students have been seeking to befriend their neighbors across the border. And this is just a taste.


In brief, Arabs advocating a “peace between peoples” continue to face a high barrier, enforced by old-guard cultural gatekeepers. And extremist groups, through their own pervasive media and other means of exhortation, sharpen the assault on those who challenge that barrier.


Nor have outsiders—in particular, Israeli or American policy makers—shown much of an inclination to become involved, however much they may appreciate the extent to which rejectionist and anti-Semitic propaganda has stymied diplomatic progress. “We had talked about the importance of mutually reinforcing public messages,” recalls the veteran Middle East peace envoy Dennis Ross, “but there was not a lot that was systematically done to make this a component part of peace-building. I think it was one of our biggest mistakes. We should have integrated this into a strategy.”


Which leads to a question: today, four decades after the Camp David accords inaugurated a peace between governments without a peace between peoples, might the United States at last adopt the goal of fostering an Arab public discourse supportive of partnership with Israel and friendship with Jews, and pursue that goal as an interim strategic priority?


After all, as I noted at the outset, this is a moment of unprecedented opportunity. All of the region’s major trendsetting institutions—that is, the largest Arab media outlets, education systems, and religious establishments—now submit to national leaders allied with the United States. Each of these leaders, in turn, seeks political and economic advantages from the U.S., and cooperation in this and other realms with Israel.


Washington thus enjoys today the standing to urge its Arab partners to align the content of their various domestic-information environments with their conciliatory messaging overseas. It also harbors the capacity to help them do so by connecting American and Israeli communications specialists in Arabic with their Arab establishment counterparts. Working together, these could provide new education to teachers and preachers, build a foundation of corrective media content, and establish a monitoring and accountability mechanism to ensure that the effort yields results. At the same time, the United States could do far more to assist those grassroots Arab actors who in the absence of establishment cover or support are taking risks to advocate a genuine peace between peoples.


Yes, Arab establishments themselves are first and foremost the parties responsible for re-educating their publics and repairing the damage done over decades of anti-Semitic indoctrination. But others can lend a hand, and provide an incentive. And no, such a strategy by itself will not resolve the Israel-Palestinian stalemate or bring about a region-wide settlement. But it can crucially alleviate a longstanding obstacle to both. The opportunity, to repeat, is there to be seized.





COMMENT: ANTI-SEMITISM IN IRAN - JEWS CAUGHT IN THE CROSSHAIRS
Jerusalem Post   Ken Jacobson, (
Deputy National Director of the Anti-Defamation League) September 3, 2015

There is one regime in the world today where bigotry is a core component of its ruling ideology, its hold on power, its foreign policy: the Islamic Republic of Iran.


An Iranian woman holds an anti-US and anti-Israel poster while others wave their national flag during a rally in Tehran's Azadi Square (Freedom Square).

(photo credit:ATTA KENARE / AFP)




The surge of global anti-Semitism is one of the more disturbing phenomena in recent years.

When asked, however, by a member of a congressional committee before whom I was appearing whether it was happening all over again in Europe, I answered that such an analogy was neither accurate nor helpful.

Nazi Germany was a regime committed to the destruction of the Jewish people. Today, I noted, whatever the challenge of anti-Semitic violence and rhetoric in Europe, the governments of those countries have stood up against anti-Semitism. Most notable in this respect are Chancellor Angela Merkel of Germany and Prime Minister Manuel Valls of France.

While all forms of anti-Semitism are damaging, there is a huge difference where the state and its institutions are its source and where it comes not only from governing authorities, but from other sources in society. This type of government-led but broad based societal obsession with the “other” is not new – we have seen it before such as Apartheid South Africa, where the ruling Afrikaans party institutionalized racism across literally all aspects of public life.

In this respect, there is one regime in the world today where bigotry is a core component of its ruling ideology, its hold on power, its foreign policy: the Islamic Republic of Iran. Indeed, it could be argued that this regime is the first government since Hitler’s wherein anti-Semitism constitutes a central element of its identity, a cornerstone of its foreign policy and integral element of the Revolution.

And that is what makes Iran the greatest threat to Jews in today’s world and what makes it so vital to prevent Iran from becoming a nuclear power as long as its Islamic regime is in control.

What is striking about the Iranian regime’s anti-Semitism is that it operates on many levels.

Classic stereotypes about Jews abound. Most famously, former Iranian president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad spoke repeatedly about the fantasy of the Holocaust. Many regarded him as a buffoon, but the underlying premise of his Holocaust denial is the notion that Jews control all forms of communication around the world, which “explains” how most of the world commemorates the murder of six million Jews. Even if current President Hassan Rouhani espouses a more moderate line in his “tweets,” internal propaganda continues to propound this idea.

A second stereotype about Jews which Iranian political and religious leadership has purveyed was the notion of Jewish control of international financial institutions, hence the blame on Jews for the 2008 financial collapse which was featured in Ahmadinejad’s address to the UN Copies of the notorious Protocols of the Elders of Zion, a long-standing forgery, are reported to be widely available across the country.

There are, of course, vast differences between Nazi Germany and the Islamic Republic of Iran. The Nazis held deeply racist views and applied those views systematically in murdering six million.

Iran has not done so and even talks of protecting its Jewish community. Jews in Iran have had a tough life under the Islamic regime and the vast majority left when they could.

One, therefore, should not compare the two situations except in one crucial area: The ideological component. When reading what the leaders have to say over many decades, it is fair to say that anti-Semitism and the obsession about Jewish power is a significant part of how they see themselves. It is not Nazi Germany in this respect either, but there is nothing comparable to it in the years since the depths of Nazi Germany.

Third is the anti-Zionist, anti-Semitism component. While there are broad discussions going on all the time about when criticism of Israel is legitimate and when it crosses the line into anti-Semitism, the Iranian regime’s views are not even close on several levels.

They are not shy about calling for the destruction of Israel, whether it’s the Supreme Leader or others.

They use anti-Semitic stereotypes to describe the government of Israel. They interchangeably attack Jews and Zionists.

Yes, Israel is a strong state and, unlike the 1930s, Jews today are not defenseless -- another significant difference from the Nazi period.

That in no way negates the fact that the rhetoric and thinking of the Iranian regime is comparable and dangerous – see the 1994 bombing of the AMIA building in Argentina attributed to Iran.

The spread of this anti-Semitic ideology is dangerous not merely because it leads to violence against Jews but because it can impact on other nations in the region, many of whom in the years ahead may be in a mode of appeasing an expansionist Iran.

These stereotypes were not limited to an individual extremist leader.

In 2006, the government sponsored a conference seeking “objective” information as to whether the Holocaust was real. The conclusion of the investigation was foregone, making clear that Holocaust denial pervaded the regime.

While some may claim that the position of president of Iran is not the source of power in the country as a way to minimize the impact of Ahmadinejad’s hatred, the same level of anti-Semitism surfaces from the Supreme Leader, Ali Khamenei. On March 21, 2014 Khamenei in his annual New Year address denounced the West, saying that no one dares to speak of the Holocaust, “Which it is unknown if the roots of this matter are actual or not and if it actually did happen, in what way.”

During the past year, Khamenei used Twitter to propagate age-old anti-Semitic charges of Jewish domination.

As with Rouhani, he has embraced new media. And he has used it as a platform for age-old hate. In one tweet he said, “The day when western people realize that their problems result from Zionism’s hegemony over them they will make an inescapable hell for them.” In another, “Once the people in the west realize their problems stem from Zionist domination over governments, great social movements will give birth to a new world.”

Thus, a sophisticated Iran is getting better all the time in using new media to promote old hate.

Other institutions of government are employed shamelessly in the same mode.

A year ago, in the lead up to the start of the Ramadan holiday, Iran’s broadcasting authority (IRIB) aired interviews and documentaries promoting anti-Semitic conspiracy theories of Jewish control over Hollywood and a Jewish-Zionist plan to use sorcery against Iran. One such documentary was called “Zionist Aspiration to Control the West,” the documentary employed the terms “Zionist” and “Jewish” interchangeably and showed a graphic of the globe with a Star of David superimposed on it.

While state media in other Middle East countries are also used to promote anti-Semitism, systemic use of media and leadership to do so in Iran is unmatched.

The documentary also claimed that Jewish and Zionist control of Hollywood has exploited the Holocaust and anti-Semitism.

Government efforts to embed anti-Semitism in the culture of Iranian society are not limited to the media and public pronouncements. Other cultural tools are commonly used as well, book fairs and cartoon contests, conferences and television.

Iran’s House of Cartoon, a professional artist guild sponsored by the municipality of Tehran, held an exhibit called International Gaza Cartoon Exhibit 2014. It published and exhibited cartoons equating Israel to Nazis, had images invoking the classic anti-Semitic canard of a blood libel, including depictions of Israel and Israelis as blood-sucking insects or animals attacking Palestinian children.

In April 2014, in the annual Tehran Book Fair, hosted by Iran’s Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance, included anti-Semitic and Holocaust denial books, including “The Protocols” and books by American racist David Duke, as well as “Half Hidden: Legend Building of the Holocaust.”

A major ongoing source of Iranian anti-Semitism in the government run English language satellite news network, Press TV. It regularly hosts American and other Western anti-Semites expressing vicious anti-Semitic conspiracy theories.

In November 2013, a Press TV columnist, M.I. Bhat, wrote two articles claiming that American Jews controlled the banks, Wall Street and the media and that Americans can trace “every misery” to American Zionist bankers who spend their time ‘determining, dominating and controlling every aspect of (American) lives – social, moral, political, judicial and economic.

This, unfortunately, is common fare for Press TV.

Anti-Semitism is not an ideology used exclusively by the regime through its apparatus. Instead, Iran has exported its ideology in hateful proxies across the region. It’s well known that its proxies like Hezbollah in Lebanon and (Hamas and/or Islamic Jihad) in the Palestinian territories have been the recipients of generous financial and material support from the regime. Their terrorist operatives are trained and equipped by the Iranian Revolutionary Guard.

But it is worth noting that these organizations equally have benefited from the ideological inspiration of their handlers in Tehran. Their media outlets like Al-Manar and Al-Aksa spread noxious rhetoric about Jews and Israel to local and regional audiences via satellite. Their schools indoctrinate their children. And they have not limited themselves to incitement and propaganda.

Beyond their military operations perpetrated against Israeli civilians and soldiers inside the Green Line, Hezbollah has demonstrated a lethal capacity to launch terrorist attacks against Jewish interests around the world – including the notorious AMIA bombing in Argentina in 1994 that murdered more than 200 people and the bombing in Bulgaria in 2012 that killed six people and maimed 32 others. And there were numerous thwarted attempts such as Thailand in 2014; Cyprus in 2015 where lives were saved despite the heinous intentions of the culprits. Whether successful or not, these bombings were not intended to “liberate territory” or attack military targets – instead, they designed to achieve one goal – simply put ,to terrorize Jews, illustrating the sinister point that there is no safe haven for Jews. And while supporters of the regime will deplore these bombings, they should be seen as intended – a stratagem that allows the Islamic Republic to maintain the pretense of plausible deniability and keep its hands clean, even as its proxies simply take its rhetoric to its logical conclusion. In this way, the depravity of Iranian anti-Semitism and its offspring has no contemporary political analog. It is an exterminationist rhetoric that seems appropriate to liken only to National Socialism for its borderless, insatiable demands.

It should not surprise that the Islamic regime today is steeped in anti-Semitism.

The father of the Islamic revolution, Ruhollah Khomeini, saw Jews as a main enemy as far back as the 1960’s. Matthias Kuntzel, a German expert on Iran, cited Khomeini’s early targeting of Jews. In 1963, he told a crowd of supporters: “I know that you do not want Iran to be under the boot of the Jews,” later accusing the Shah of being a Jew in disguise.

That Khomeini was obsessed with Jews became even more apparent in a book he published in 1970: “The Jews… wish to establish Jewish domination throughout the world since they are a cunning and resourceful group of people, I fear that … they may one day achieve their goal.” Even as some have reported on an edict that he issued early in the Revolution to protect the Jews whose presence in the country predates the Islamic presence, The Protocols were alive and well in the mind of the future leader of the Iranian Islamic Revolution.

The recognition that anti-Semitic conspiracy theories lay at the heart of the Islamic Revolution sheds light on the regime’s view of the state of Israel. Leaders of Iran consistently use the terms “Zionist” and “Jew” interchangeably. The state of Israel is proof positive of the belief that Jews have overwhelming and evil power. Khamenei, in November 2013, as negotiations were ongoing about the Iranian nuclear program was quoted on Facebook: “The Israeli regime, this sinister, unclean rabid dog of the region, says Iran is a threat to the world; No! Israel itself is a threat to the world.”

This past year, Khamenei followed up his descriptions of the evil Jewish state by publishing a nine-point plan to see Israel disappear as an independent nation. Seeing Israel and Jews as an unparalleled threat, it made sense to find ways to eliminate that threat. It might not be Mein Kampf, the seminal manifesto of the regime, but even casual observers will note that it bears an uncomfortable resemblance.

What is so striking about the many forms that Iranian anti-Semitism takes – Holocaust denial, claims of Jewish control of the world and in its institutions, cartoon contests on denying the Holocaust, obsessions about Israeli power and ways to deal with it – is the irrational quality to all of it. It is an extreme form of anti-Semitism full of paranoid conspiracy theories and delusional thinking.

All of which makes the issue of a nuclear Iran far more critical than some would acknowledge.

Whatever ones views of the nuclear agreement, the notion that an Iran with a nuclear weapon could be deterred, as was true about the Soviet Union, is far less convincing.

No one questioned the rationality of the Soviet leadership, hence the concept of mutual assured destruction which was the basis of deterrence during the Cold War.

Some pundits have drawn favorable comparisons between the Iranian regime and ISIS, seeing the Sunni fundamentalists as more brutal and dangerous than their Shiite coreligionists. While it’s certainly true that the Iranian government has a more sophisticated and worldly approach to governance and statecraft, we should not confuse means with ends. Both the Islamic Republic of Iran and the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria share an obsession with “reclaiming” Muslim lands, including Israel, and with blaming Jews for the world’s ills.

So while Iran may employ more urbane modalities and clash with ISIS on the plains of Syria and Iraq, the parallel rhetoric could lead even the uninformed to conclude that they might make common cause against the Jewish state. One does not have to claim that the Iranian regime’s leaders are totally irrational to recognize that the degree of anti-Semitic irrationality in the regime provokes understandable anxiety that Iran might actually use a bomb if it had one.

Again, prior governments in modern history often adopted seemingly irrational policies despite the often obvious costs of doing so. Similarly, the anti-Semitic mindset of the regime should warn against seeing it as anything but the greatest danger to the region. Combating Iranian expansion, particularly if sanctions are lifted, should be the major priority of the West. Tactical alliances with a regime that holds such views, is short-sighted and should be rejected out of hand. And this is the rub – if anti-Semitism indeed is a strategic imperative of the regime, one that is not forced to abandon even as it gains international legitimation as a result of the nuclear deal, then Israel and the Jewish people could be an even more attractive target of its animus in the near future.

So let’s learn the lessons of history. When a regime is obsessed with conspiracy theories about Jews, it is not only a threat to the Jewish people themselves, but to civilization itself. Indeed, we rationally must be prepared to confront even the most irrational actors and their views, especially it comes to the oldest hate.


WHY MIDDLE EAST MUSLIMS ARE TAUGHT TO HATE JEWS

For far too long the pervasive Middle Eastern qualification of Jews as murderers and bloodsuckers was dismissed in the West as an extreme view of radical fringe groups. But it is not. It is time for the region's secular movements to start a counter-education in tolerance.

The Christian Science Monitor, Ayaan Hirsi Ali, January 24, 2013


CAMBRIDGE, MASS. — Egypt’s newly elected president, Mohamed Morsi, was caught on tape about three years ago urging his followers to “nurse our children and our grandchildren on hatred” for Jews and Zionists. Not long after, the then-leader of the Muslim Brotherhood described Zionists as “bloodsuckers who attack the Palestinians,” “warmongers,” and “descendants of apes and pigs.”

These remarks are disgusting, but they are neither shocking nor new. As a child growing up in a Muslim family, I constantly heard my mother, other relatives, and neighbors wish for the death of Jews, who were considered our darkest enemy. Our religious tutors and the preachers in our mosques set aside extra time to pray for the destruction of Jews.

For far too long the pervasive Middle Eastern qualification of Jews as murderers and bloodsuckers was dismissed in the West as an extreme view expressed by radical fringe groups. But it is not.

All over the Middle East, hatred for Jews and Zionists can be found in textbooks for children as young as 3, complete with illustrations of Jews with monster-like qualities. Mainstream educational television programs are consistently anti-Semitic. In songs, books, newspaper articles, and blogs, Jews are variously compared to pigs, donkeys, rats, and cockroaches, and also to vampires and a host of other imaginary creatures.

Consider this infamous dialogue between a 3-year-old and a television presenter, eight years before Mr. Morsi’s remarks.

Presenter: “Do you like Jews?”

3-year-old: “No.”

“Why don’t you like them?”

“Jews are apes and pigs.”

“Who said this?”

“Our God.”

“Where did he say this?”

“In the Koran.”

The presenter responds approvingly: “No [parents] could wish for Allah to give them a more believing girl than she ... May Allah bless her, her father, and mother.”

This conversation was not caught on hidden camera or taped by propagandists. It was featured on a prominent program called “Muslim Woman Magazine” and broadcast by Iqraa, the popular Saudi-owned satellite channel.

It is a major step forward for a sitting US administration and leading American newspapers to unequivocally condemn Morsi’s words. But condemnation is just the first move.

Here is an opportunity to acknowledge the breadth and depth of the attitude toward Jews in the Middle East, and how that affects the much desired but elusive peace process between Israel and the Palestinians.

So many explanations have been offered for the failure of successive US administrations to achieve that peace, but the answer is in Morsi’s words. Why would one make peace with bloodsuckers and descendants of apes and monkeys?

Millions of Muslims have been conditioned to regard Jews not only as the enemies of Palestine but as the enemies of all Muslims, of God, and of all humanity. Arab leaders far more prominent and influential than Morsi have been tireless in “educating” or “nursing” generations to believe that Jews are “the scum of the human race, the rats of the world, the violators of pacts and agreements, the murderers of the prophets, and the offspring of apes and pigs.” (These are the words of the Saudi sheik Abdul Rahman al-Sudais, imam at the Masjid al-Haram mosque in Mecca.)

In 2011, a Pew survey found that in Turkey, just 4 percent of those surveyed held a “very favorable” or “somewhat favorable” view of Jews; in Indonesia, 10 percent; in Pakistan, 2 percent. In addition, 95 percent of Jordanians, 94 percent of Egyptians, and 95 percent of Lebanese hold a “very unfavorable” view of Jews.

In recent decades Israeli and American administrations negotiated with unelected Arab despots, who played a double game. They honored the formal peace treaties by not conducting military attacks against Israel. But they condoned the Islamists’ dissemination of hatred against Israel, Zionism, and Jews.

As the Islamists spread their influence through civil institutions, young people were nursed on hatred.

In the wake of the Arab Spring, as the people take a chance on democracy, they and their new leadership want to see their ideals turned into policy.

For too many of those who fought for their own liberation, one of those ideals is the end of peace with Israel. The United States must make clear to Morsi that this is not an option.

This is also a crucial opportunity for the region’s secular movements, which must speak out against the clergy’s incitement of young minds to hatred. It is time for these secular movements to start a counter-education in tolerance.

Ayaan Hirsi Ali is a fellow at the Belfer Center’s Future of Diplomacy Project at the Harvard Kennedy School, and author of the books “Infidel” and “Nomad: From Islam to America: A Personal Journey Through the Clash of Civilizations.”

© 2013 Global Viewpoint Network/Tribune Media Services. Hosted online by The Christian Science Monitor.


EYE ON ANTISEMITISM
THE 1300 YEAR OLD MUSLIM ORIGINS OF HATE

Islam's hate does not stop with Jews, but Jew-hatred is one of its malignancies.

Arutz Sheva Victor Sharpe, 12/06/16


Islamists hate Jews, gays, Christians -  and the world ignores this at its peril.

This resistant and malignant infection of hate is able to evolve and poison human beings generation after generation.

One of its most virulent infestations of Islamic Jew-hatred today takes the form of the so-called Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) scourge, which targets the only true and vibrant democracy - Israel - in the hellish Muslim dominated Middle East.

The areas of the world, which are perpetrating hideous crimes against humanity, are ignored by the myrmidons who support the anti-Jewish bigotry and prejudice of BDS.

For the indoctrinated supporters of BDS, there is no apparent interest whatsoever in the horrors taking place daily in N. Korea, Syria, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Libya, Mali, Guinea-Bissau or in so many of the countries that make up the 197 members of the United Nations.

For the BDS rabble only the Jewish state is the target. Proof, if ever it was needed, that BDS is primarily and demonically anti-Jewish.

Ask the BDS supporters about the continuing illegal occupation and ethnic cleansing of the native Greek population of northern Cyprus by Turkey, or the decades of illegal occupation of Tibet by Communist China,and they remain ignorant of or deathly silent about those crimes against humanity, thus exposing their deplorable hypocrisy.

Any fair-minded person must contemplate why the BDS movement is focused solely on the Jewish state, while massacres of Christians, Yazidis, Kurds and others by ISIS continues all over the Middle East and are almost completely ignored. Eugene Ionesco’s Theater of the Absurd pales in comparison to BDS lunacy!

The BDS movement goes far beyond legitimate criticism of beleaguered Israel; it’s one and only target nation. In essence these haters call for the dismantling of the Jewish state and expulsion of its native Jewish population.  

Here then is the naked and hate filled desire by the BDS thugs to commit ethnic cleansing and force a real apartheid upon the Jewish citizens of Israel. This then is the crime against humanity that is spewed by BDS within colleges, liberal churches, mainstream media outlets, the arts and sciences.

Since 1948, the reconstituted Jewish state - born again in its ancestral and biblical homeland - has endured a boycott imposed upon it by the Arab League but until 1973 the Arab trade boycott was ineffective until the price of oil increased five-fold.

Oil then became the wonder weapon the Arab world could now exert against the energy hungry West. It gave Islam a new impetus to win the world for Allah.

But now that pernicious boycott has been strengthened and emboldened by even vaster sums of money from the oil companies pouring into the coffers of assorted oil rich Arab kingdoms, tyrannies and sheikhdoms.

Much of the endless flow of misplaced Arab and Muslim wealth increasingly goes into U.S., European and British universities in order to finance the demonization of Israel among unwitting and pliable students.

The virulent campaign of deception and outright lies has been helped by many leftist, often tenured, professors who maintain an unholy alliance with Islamists and help oil the wheels of hatred against embattled Israel.

The BDS boycott exceeds all divisions between left and right. It is launched against all Israelis and all Jews - regardless of their political affiliation or opinion.

With respect to this current manifestation of Arab and Islamic hate, aided and abetted by their willing and mindless executioners in the West, it would be instructive to realize that there is nothing new under the sun.

The origins of this evil anti-Jewish discrimination took clear shape in Islam as long ago as between the years 717 and 720, when Caliph Omar ordered that all non-Muslims who fell under the yoke of Islam - the dhimmis - should wear distinctive dress and be boycotted and sanctioned in every way. This led to hapless Jews - and Christians - by the twelfth century forced to wear yellow patches on their clothes.

This abomination aimed at identifying and singling out Jews for persecution was often copied in Europe and England by both the Church and temporal powers throughout the long dark centuries of enforced Jewish statelessness.

It raged during the medieval inferno and beyond and was diabolically imposed upon the Jews who fell under the German Nazi juggernaut of death during the Holocaust.

Life for Jews under Islamic rule was a veritable vale of tears, as it was under much of Christendom. The odious forced incarceration of Jews in European ghettos was in fact an invention of the Muslim world.

The ghetto, or mellah in Arabic, was first created in a particular quarter of Cairo, Egypt, during the eleventh century, followed by the first walled-in mellah in Fez, Morocco.

After Mohammed destroyed the Jewish tribes of the Hedjaz (present day Saudi-Arabia) in 624-628, relentless and horrific persecution of Jews by Muslims broke out in every subsequent century.

This persecution took many lives and left the Jewish survivors facing boycotts and sanctions: fast forward to the present day Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) hatred. See! There is nothing new under the sun when it comes to hatred of the Jews.

Here then we have the 8th century Muslim origin of the current manifestation of anti-Jewish bigotry and discrimination we know today as BDS.

Arguably, of course, anti-Jewish boycotts and sanctions began even earlier within Christendom, but the BDS supporters of today are engaged in aiding and abetting an Arab and Muslim onslaught against the Jewish state.

We can trace much of the original anti-Jewish discrimination back to the time of the Byzantine Emperor Justinian who passed imperial edicts during the 5th century, which gravely interfered with Jewish religious and secular life.

Jews were even forbidden to pronounce aloud their fundamental prayer, the Shema, (Deuteronomy 6:4) affirming the Divine Unity of G-d’s unalterable Oneness. This is the primal confession of Faith within Judaism for every other Jewish belief turns upon it; all goes back to it; all flows from it.

“Hear O Israel, the Lord is our G-d, the Lord is One.”

The Jews under Justinian’s cruel edicts had to pray under their breath, just like the deplorable situation that exists today at the world’s holiest Jewish religious site, the Temple Mount in Jerusalem.

On the sacred Temple Mount, Jews are today forbidden by the impudent Muslim occupiers, the so-called Waqf, to pray or be seen to even move their lips in prayer.

The UN partitioning of the geographical territory, sometimes known as Palestine (a state that has never existed in all of recorded history and does not exist today), failed to inaugurate a new era of Jewish-Arab relations, it merely capped centuries of Arab and Islamic oppression and persecution of Jewish minorities.

And Islam will never accept any non-Muslim nation within its midst where once the Muslim foot trod triumphal. Forever that land is considered within the Dar-al Harb (the House of War) and Muslims are enjoined to wage endless war against it until it returns to the Dar al-Islam (the House of Islam). So much for Peace Now!


The increasing anti-Semitism that corrodes the Arab and Muslim world has made it today the active nexus for a loathsome international anti-Semitic revival, barely 70 years since the Holocaust destroyed one third of the world’s Jewish population; reducing it from 18 million to barely 12 million.

It is this war of economic coercion, extortion and blackmail that the BDS is waging today against the Jewish state with the active support of the useful idiots who act as BDS storm-troopers and who, in the main, are ignorant of the fundamental issues that drive the conflict with those Arabs who call themselves Palestinians.

Victor Sharpe is a prolific freelance writer with several published books including the trilogy, Politicide: The attempted murder of the Jewish state.


ANTISEMITISM IN THE ARAB WORLD
Guided History:  History Research Guides by Boston University Students, Joshua A. Dalva


INTRODUCTION

Jews and Muslims have lived amongst each other since the very beginning of Islam. Throughout history, Jews have lived in the Arab world under Muslim rule and their interaction has been defined as one of second-class subjects living in foreign lands. In today’s world, Jews and Muslims are seemingly convergent and engaged in constant conflict and struggle. The dominance of Antisemitism in the Arab World has shown historical trends of rampant Anti-Jewish violence, hate speech, conspiracy theories, and general disdain of one peoples towards another. One such conspiracy theory, the 1850 Damascus affair became a catalyst for propagating the Blood Libel throughout the Arab world and popular literature. While the events in the 19th century and turn to the 20th century reflect a more intensified Antisemitic brand in the Arab world, it is not entirely obvious if the Damascus Affair can be pinned as the sole or even most influential catalyst. Thus, the discussion of Antisemitism and its appearance as a dominant force in Islamic society has created conversation of where it came from and what it’s based on. Today, the question arrises if  Antisemitism in the Arab world is connected to the State of Israel or not and if any connection exists. As in any topic, in the discussion of Antisemitism in the Arab World, there are myths to be dispelled and truths to be exposed. Is Antisemitism the same as Anti-Zionism? How related are they and did one exist before the other? Are Arabs fundamentally Antisemitic? Is this a religious, political, or deeply engrained societal phenomenon? What does history tell us about this issue?

The purpose of this guide is to explore the issue of Antisemitism in the Arab World. Using religious, historical, narrative, and political sources, the topic can be explored and conclusions can be drawn. Central to the theme of Antisemitism in the Arab world is the discussion of Anti-Zionism and if it can be combined in the discussion of Antisemitism or if it is separate. Ultimately this guide and subsequent research will seek uncover the origins, reasons, and future of Antisemitism in the Arab world.

Go to site to read review of references

LINKS

The Tom Lantos Archives on Anti-Semitism and Holocaust Denial

Can the Arab world leave anti-Semitism behind? Washington Post, Richard Cohen, 28.2.2011

Jewish exodus from Arab and Muslim countries   Wikiwand

Antisemitism in the Arab world   Wikipedia


ANTISEMITISM
IT DIDN’T JUST START WITH HITLER

THE

INCREDIBLE

STORY OF THE JEWISH PEOPLE



ANTISEMITISM in the ARAB WORLD

Uprooting of Jews from Arab Countries, An Answer to Modern Antisemitism

As Arab Leaders Warm toward Israel and Jews, Are Arab Publics Following?

Comment:  
Anti-semitism
in Iran -
Jews Caught
in the
Cross Hairs

Why Middle East Muslims are taught to Hate Jews

Eye on Antisemitism

The 1300
Year Old
Muslim
Origins of Hate

Links